Also known as: Aja, Aya
Dynasty XVIII

Ay is believed to be the father of Nefertiti. the wife of Akhenaten. When Tutankhamun died, his powerful vizier Ay quickly stepped in and assumed kingship, despite fact that general Horemhab was the designated heir. Manetho assigned Armais with a reign for 4-5 years, which usually has been assigned to Ay instead, based on his known highest date of 4 years. It is now believed that the assignation of Armais to Horemhab was correct, but the number of years should be raised by ten. This leaves Ay unaccounted for by Manetho, unless one of the three(!) Akenchereses could somehow be assigned to Ay.

Reign of Ay
AE Chronology1323–1320
von Beckerath1325–1321
Highest attestationYear 4


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ay: Ka nakht tjehen khau
Ka nakht tjehen khau
 kꜢ-nḫt tḥn-ḫꜤw
 The strong bull, the one of glittering crowns
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 113b+c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 146-147, 14:H1


Nebty name
Nebty name of Ay: Sekhem pehty der setet
Sekhem pehty der setet
 sḫm-pḥti dr-sṯt
 Who is mighty of strength, who subdues the Asiatics
Panopolis Grotto
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 114b+c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 146-147, 14:N1
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ay: Heqa Maat sekheper tawy
Heqa Maat sekheper tawy
 ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt sḫpr-tꜢwi
 The ruler of truth, who created the Two Lands
Panopolis Grotto
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 114b+c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 146-147, 14:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ay: Kheper kheperu Ra
Kheper kheperu Ra
 Everlasting are the Manifestations of Ra
Tomb of Tutankhamun KV62, burial chamber, north wall
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I, 570 (8:1)


Birth name
Birth name of Ay: It netjer Ay
It netjer Ay
 iti-nṯr Ꜥy
 God's father, Ay
The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 18, 50-52
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 146-147, 14:E2



Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 146–147
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 62–65
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 374–380
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 106–107



With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2020 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2019-07-08
Disclaimer: The content should be accurate, but errors and omissions are possible. All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources.