Cleopatra VII

Also known as: Kleopatra Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Cleopatra VII
Shaw51–30
Redford51–31

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Cleopatra VII: Weret nebet, neferu akhet seh
Weret nebet, neferu akhet seh
wr(t)-nb(t)-nfrw Ꜣḫ(t)-zḥ
The great Lady of perfection, excellent in counsel
wr:r-nb-nfr-nfr-nfr-H2:x-O22
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 65a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 13:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Cleopatra VII: Weret, tut en ites
Weret, tut en ites
wr.t-twt-n-it.s
The great one and the (very) image of her father
wr&t:r-t:W:t-A53-n:X2*t:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 4α
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 13:H2
Birth name
Birth name of Cleopatra VII: Qliu pa dra netjeret meret ites
Qliu pa dra netjeret meret ites
ḳliwpꜢdrꜢ nṯrt mr(t)-it.s
The goddess Cleopatra who is beloved of her father
q:l-W:p-d:r-A-t:H8-t-nTr-t:H8-R7:t-z:N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 65a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 13:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Cleopatra VII: Qliu pa dra netjeret meret ites
Qliu pa dra netjeret meret ites
ḳliwpꜢdrꜢ nṯrt mr(t)-it.s
The goddess Cleopatra who is beloved of her father
q:l-i-wA-p-A-d:r-t&A&H8
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegyptiacarum, V, 879
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 244-245, 13:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Κλεοπατρα Θεα Φιλοπατωρ Kleopatra Thea Philopator Cleopatra Thea Philopator

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 244–245
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 410–422
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 187–188

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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