Huni

 Dynasty III

Huni is missing from the Abydos king list, unless Neferkara (no. 19) which precedes Sneferu is a mistake and should be Huni. The Turin papyrus shows that Huni was Sneferu's predecessor, while the Saqqara king list actually holds Huni's name. Huni was the first pharaoh to use a cartouche for his name.

Reign of Huni
AE Chronologyc. 2544
Shaw2637–2613
Dodson2544–2520
Allen2599–2575
Malek2597–2573
Redford2673–2649
Turin Canon24 years
Manetho (Africanus)26 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Huni: Kha ba
Kha ba
ḫꜤ-bꜢ
xa:G29
Quibell, Hierakonpolis, plate LXX (1)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 50-51, b:H "Hor Chaba"
Horus name
Horus name of Huni: Qa hedjet
Qa hedjet
ḳꜢ-ḥḏt
(whose) White Crown is high
q-S1
Stele of unknown provenance (possibly a forgery), Louvre, E 25982
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 50-51, c:H "Hor Qahedjet"
Throne name
Throne name of Huni: Huni*
Huni*
ḥw-ni
The smiter
H-A25-n:y:D40
Saqqara king list 44
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 6:E2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Huni: Hu..*
Hu..*
ḥwi..
H-Z5-A25-//
Royal Canon of Turin 4.8
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:8
Throne name variant
Throne name of Huni: Nisut hu
Nisut hu
nsw.t-hw
sw-t:n-H
Elephantine stele JE 41556
ZÄS , 81, 22
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 6:E1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Huni: Nisut hu
Nisut hu
nsw.t-ḥw
sw-H-t:n
Palermo Stone, Verso line 5e

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 48–51
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 128–130
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 57–58
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 33

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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