Also known as: Hen Nekht (not in use anymore)
Dynasty III

The Horus name Sanakht might be connected to Nebka, but it is still uncertain and Egyptologists still argue the question. The New Kingdom king lists of Abydos and Turin place Nebka before Djoser in the third dynasty, while the Saqqara list place Nebka after Djoser and Sekhemkhet. The archaeological evidence show that the founder of the dynasty was most likely Djoser, and not Nebka.
The first name of the dynasty according to Manetho via Africanus is Necherophes.

Reign of Nebka
von Beckerath2686–2665
Turin Canon19 (years)
Manetho (Africanus)28 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Nebka: Sanakht
Garstang, Mahasna, plate XIX (1-5)
Rock inscription EA 691 in the British Museum
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 50-51, a:H1
Throne name
Throne name of Nebka: Neb ka*
Neb ka*
Royal Canon of Turin 4/4
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:4
The cartouche is missing on the papyrus.


The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus iii, 1 Nεχερoφης Nekherophes Necherophes 28 years
Eusebius iii, 1 Νεχερωχις Nekherokhis Necherochis


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 50–51
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 347–348
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 48–49
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 33



With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2020 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2019-07-08
Disclaimer: The content should be accurate, but errors and omissions are possible. All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources.