Also known as: Neferkare Dynasty III

The last king of the second dynasty on the Abydos king list is Neferkara, but the name is absent on the other New Kingdom king lists. There is no archaeological evidence for this name, and the name was likely a constructed by later scribes. Another possibility is that it belonged to the fourth dynasty founder Snoferu's predecessor, Huni. It is unclear under which name Africanus could have listed him in Manetho's king list of the third dynasty.

Reign of Neferkara
Not available or unknown


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Neferkara: Nefer ka Ra*
Nefer ka Ra*
Abydos king list 19
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 5:E1 "Mesochris"


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 48–49
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 264–265
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 34


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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