Niuserra Ini

Also known as: Niuserre Dynasty V

When Neferefra died unexpectedly, his brother Niuserra was set to succeed him, but as he was still only a child, Shepseskara managed to usurp the throne for a year or so, before he in turn was ousted and the rightful king was put on the throne. Niuserra is included on Manetho's king list as Rathures, which is the Greek transcription of his name.

Reign of Niuserra Ini
AE Chronology2402–2374
von Beckerath2420–2380
Shaw2445–2421
Dodson2359–2348
Allen2420–2389
Malek2404–2377
Redford2474–2444
Turin Canon11–34 years
Manetho (Africanus)44 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Niuserra Ini: Set ib tawy
Set ib tawy
s-t-ib-tꜤwi
The favorite of the Two Lands
st-t:ib-N16:N16
Bissing, Das Re-Heiligtum des Königs Ne-Woser-Re (Rathures), I, 68
JvB, 58/59 (6 H)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Niuserra Ini: Set ib
Set ib
s-t-ib
The favorite of the Two Ladies
st-t:ib
Bissing, Das Re-Heiligtum des Königs Ne-Woser-Re (Rathures), I, 68
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Niuserra Ini: Bik nebu netjer
Bik nebu netjer
bik-nbw-nṯr
The divine golden falcon
nTr*G5:nbw
Bissing, Das Re-Heiligtum des Königs Ne-Woser-Re (Rathures), I, plate 15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:G
Throne name
Throne name of Niuserra Ini: Ni user Ra
Ni user Ra
ni-wsr-rꜤ
Possessed of Ra's power
ra-n-wsr*s:r
Abydos king list 30
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 39
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:T
Birth name
Birth name of Niuserra Ini: Ini
Ini
ini
i-in:n
Karnak king list 4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Niuserra Ini: Ini
Ini
ini
in:n-i
Mariette, Les Mastabas de l'ancien empire, I, 255
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Niuserra Ini: Ini
Ini
ini
in:n-i-i
Mariette, Les Mastabas de l'ancien empire, I, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Niuserra Ini: In
In
in
in:n
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 58-59, 6:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 6 Ραθουρης Rathoures Rathures 44 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 58–59
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 284–286
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 124–129
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 40

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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