Seti I

Also known as: Sethos I Dynasty XIX

Seti I imitated Thutmose III’s Horus name by using the same one, but adding -sankhtawy, “sustaining the Two Lands,” to it. His splendid mortuary temple at Abydos contain more than thirty Horus names, but they were probably only used in the specific rituals.

Reign of Seti I
AE Chronology1290–1279
von Beckerath1290–1279
Shaw1294–1279
Dodson1296–1279
Malek1294–1279
Arnold1306–1290
Grimal1294–1279
Redford1314–1304
Manetho (Josephus)59 years
Manetho (Africanus)51 years
Manetho (Eusebius)55 years
Manetho (Jerome)55 years
Highest attestationYear 11

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-M127-anx-wAD
Chapels of Isis and Horus ceiling insription
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 40 j/k/m
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H1b
Horus name variant A1
Horus name (variant A1) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-anx-N17:N17:N21*N21
Chapel of Sethos, west wall false door
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 34
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H1a
Horus name variant A2
Horus name (variant A2) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-anx-n:x-N17:N17:N17
Chapel of Sethos, west wall false door
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 34
Horus name variant A3
Horus name (variant A3) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-anx-n\60:x-N17:N17:N17
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 34
Horus name variant A4
Horus name (variant A4) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em Waset
Ka nakht kha em Waset
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst
The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes
E1:D40-m&xa-R19
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H28
Horus name variant B1
Horus name (variant B1) of Seti I: Ka nakht sankh tawy
Ka nakht sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt sꜤnḫ-tꜤwi
The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-s-anx-n:x-N17:N17
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39:2, alabaster stele
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H2
Horus name variant B2
Horus name (variant B2) of Seti I: Ka nakht sankh tawy
Ka nakht sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt sꜤnḫ-tꜤwi
The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-s-anx-N17:N17
East face, Qantara truncated obelisk
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 106:5, §51
Horus name variant B3
Horus name (variant B3) of Seti I: Ka nakht sankh tawy
Ka nakht sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt sꜤnḫ-tꜤwi
The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-z:anx*(n:Aa1)-N17:N17:N21*N21
Flaminian Obelisk South base
Horus name variant B4
Horus name (variant B4) of Seti I: Ka nakht sankh tawy
Ka nakht sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt sꜤnḫ-tꜤwi
The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-s-anx-N17:N17:N21*N21
Main text Qantara truncated obelisk
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 105:9, §51
Horus name variant C1
Horus name (variant C1) of Seti I: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-ra:Z1-A41-mr-i-i
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H3
Horus name variant C2
Horus name (variant C2) of Seti I: Ka nakht mery Maat-Ra
Ka nakht mery Maat-Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Maat and Ra
E1:D40-ra:Z1-A41-C10A-mr
Flaminian obelisk, western center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H4
Horus name variant C3
Horus name (variant C3) of Seti I: Ka nakht mery en Amun
Ka nakht mery en Amun
kꜢ-nḫt mri.n-imn
Strong bull beloved of Amun
E1:D40-U7:r:n-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name variant D1
Horus name (variant D1) of Seti I: Ka nakht sa Atum
Ka nakht sa Atum
kꜢ-nḫt zꜢ-itm
The Strong bull, son of Atum
E1:D40-H8:Z1-t:U15
Flaminian Obelisk North base
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H8
Horus name variant D2
Horus name (variant D2) of Seti I: Ka nakht sa Amun
Ka nakht sa Amun
kꜢ-nḫt zꜢ-imn
Strong bull and son of Amun
E1:D40-zA&Z1-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H20
Horus name variant E1
Horus name (variant E1) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha khau
Ka nakht kha khau
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤ-ḫꜤw
Strong bull the (very) appearance of appearances
E1:D40-xa:a:xa*Z2
Mariette, Abydos, I, 49b
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 185:12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H27
Horus name variant E2
Horus name (variant E2) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha hedjet mery Ra
Ka nakht kha hedjet mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt ḳꜢi-ḥḏt mri-rꜤ
Strong bull (whose) White Crown is hign, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-q-A28-S1-C2A-mr
ASAE, 9, 81
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H11
Horus name variant E3
Horus name (variant E3) of Seti I: Ka nakht kha em hedjet mery Ra
Ka nakht kha em hedjet mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-ḥḏt mri-rꜤ
Strong bull who appeared in the White Crown, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-m&xa-S1-C2A-mr
ASAE, 9, 81
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H9
Horus name variant F1
Horus name (variant F1) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš
The strong bull and strong-armed one
E1:D40-sxm-G87-x*p:N37:F24
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, 18
Thickness of entrance from inner Osiris hall to chapel of Osiris
Horus name variant F2
Horus name (variant F2) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš
The strong bull and strong-armed one
E1:D40-sxm-m-D40:F24
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (B)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Ptah entrance thickness
Horus name variant F3
Horus name (variant F3) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš
The strong bull and strong-armed one
E1:D40-sxm-T16A
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 35
Horus name variant F4
Horus name (variant F4) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš
The strong bull and strong-armed one
E1:D40-sxm-m-x*p:N37:F24-T16
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (E)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Horus name variant F5
Horus name (variant F5) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš
The strong bull and strong-armed one
E1:D40-sxm-m-D40:xpS:D40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (A)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Osiris entrance thickness
Horus name variant F6
Horus name (variant F6) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem khepesh pedjut 9
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh pedjut 9
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-ḫpš-pḏt
The strong bull of who defeated the Nine Bows
E1:D40-sxm-T16A-r:pD-t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (D)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Isis entrance thickness
Horus name variant G1
Horus name (variant G1) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhem pehty
Ka nakht sekhem pehty
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-pḥty
The strong bull, powerful of might
E1:D40-sxm-F9*F9:D40
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 49b+c (stairs)
Horus name variant G2
Horus name (variant G2) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekhau der pedjut 9
Ka nakht sekhau der pedjut 9
kꜢ-nḫt s-ḫꜤw-pḏt
The strong bull of appearances has repelled the Nine Bows
E1:D40-s-xa:Z2-D37:pD-t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Chapel of Ptah, southern thickness of entrance door
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
Horus name variant H1
Horus name (variant H1) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem mesut
Ka nakht wehem mesut
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-mswt
Strong bull who has renewed births
E1:D40-F25-m-ms-t&w&Z2
Chapel of Isis, south side entrance door thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Horus name variant H2
Horus name (variant H2) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem mesut
Ka nakht wehem mesut
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-mswt
Strong bull who has renewed births
E1:D40-F25-m-ms*w:t*Z2
Chapel of Re-Harakhti, north side
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name variant H3
Horus name (variant H3) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem mesut
Ka nakht wehem mesut
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-mswt
Strong bull who has renewed births
E1:D40-F25-ms-s-w:t*Z2
Chapel of Osiris entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, 18
Horus name variant I
Horus name (variant I) of Seti I: Ka nakht der pedjut 9
Ka nakht der pedjut 9
kꜢ-nḫt dr-pḏt
The strong bull who repelled the Nine Bows
E1:D40-d:r:D40-pD:t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, chapels entrance thicknesses
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
Horus name variant J1
Horus name (variant J1) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem khau
Ka nakht wehem khau
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-ḫꜤw
Strong bull who has repeated apparitions
E1:D40-F25-xa:Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 35
Horus name variant J2
Horus name (variant J2) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem khau
Ka nakht wehem khau
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-ḫꜤw
Strong bull who has repeated apparitions
E1:D40-F25-m-xa:a-Y1:Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (E)
Horus name variant K
Horus name (variant K) of Seti I: Ka nakht wah nesut
Ka nakht wah nesut
kꜢ-nḫt wꜢḥ-nswt
The strong bull, enduring of kingship
E1:D40-wAH-H-Y1v-sw*i*i:t*Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41
Chapel of Ptah entrance thickness
Horus name variant L1
Horus name (variant L1) of Seti I: Ka nakht wer biaut
Ka nakht wer biaut
kꜢ-nḫt wr-biꜢ-tw
Strong bull, great of marvels
E1:D40-wr:r-U16:t*Z2
Chapel of Ptah north side entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41
Horus name variant L2
Horus name (variant L2) of Seti I: Ka nakht wer nesyt
Ka nakht wer nesyt
kꜢ-nḫt wr-nsyt
The strong bull, great of kingship
E1:D40-wr:r-sw-t-i-i
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Horus, south side entrance thickness
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H14
Horus name variant M
Horus name (variant M) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem sekhemty(?)
Ka nakht wehem sekhemty(?)
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-sḫmty
Strong bull who has renewed power
E1:D40-F25-m-S5-Z3
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 14a
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, plate 18 and IV, plate 53
Horus name variant N1
Horus name (variant N1) of Seti I: Ka nakht tit Amun
Ka nakht tit Amun
kꜢ-nḫt tit-imn
The strong bull, the (very) image of Amun
E1:D40-t:D17-i-mn:n
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H21
Horus name variant N2
Horus name (variant N2) of Seti I: Ka nakht tit Ra Atum
Ka nakht tit Ra Atum
kꜢ-nḫt tit-rꜤ-itm
The strong bull, the (very) image of Ra-Atum
E1:D40-ra:D17:t-t:U15
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Chapel of Re-Harkhti, south side entrance thickness
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H18
Horus name variant O1
Horus name (variant O1) of Seti I: Ka nakht user pedjut
Ka nakht user pedjut
kꜢ-nḫt wsr-s-pḏtw
The strong bull with strong troops
E1:D40-wsr-s-pD:pD:pD
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41; III, 18
Horus name variant O2
Horus name (variant O2) of Seti I: Ka nakht user pedjut
Ka nakht user pedjut
kꜢ-nḫt wsr-pḏt
The strong bull with strong troops
E1:D40-wsr-s-pD:t:Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Ptah entrance, south thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53 (B)
Horus name variant P
Horus name (variant P) of Seti I: Ka nakht user kau
Ka nakht user kau
kꜢ-nḫt wsr-kꜢw
The strong bull, who has a strong soul
E1:D40-wsr-s-kA:kA*kA
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Horus, south side entrance thickness
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H13
Horus name variant Q
Horus name (variant Q) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekheper tawy
Ka nakht sekheper tawy
kꜢ-nḫt sḫpr-tꜢwi
Strong bull who has created the Two Lands
E1:D40-s-xpr:r-N17:N17:N21*N21
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (D)
Second hypostyle hall Isis entrance thickness
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H16
Horus name variant R
Horus name (variant R) of Seti I: Ka nakht setep en Amun
Ka nakht setep en Amun
kꜢ-nḫt stp.n-imn
Strong bull, chosen of Amun
E1:D40-stp:p:n-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H22
Horus name variant S
Horus name (variant S) of Seti I: Ka nakht wehem hedjet deshret atef
Ka nakht wehem hedjet deshret atef
kꜢ-nḫt wḥm-ḥḏt-dšrt-Ꜣtf
The strong bull with renewed crowns
E1:D40-F25-m-S1-S3-S8A
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55
Horus name variant T
Horus name (variant T) of Seti I: Ka nakht aa shefyt mery Ra
Ka nakht aa shefyt mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-šfit mri-rꜤ
Stong bull great of majesty and beloved of Ra
E1:D40-aA:F8-C2A-mr
ASAE, 9, 81
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H10
Horus name variant U
Horus name (variant U) of Seti I: Ka nakht der khasut em nakhtuef
Ka nakht der khasut em nakhtuef
kꜢ-nḫt dr-ḫꜢswt-m-nḫtw.f
The strong bull who has repelled foreign lands with his victories
E1:D40-d:r:D40-N25:t*Z2:Aa15-t*Z2:D40:f
Flaminian obelisk, southern center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H5
Horus name variant V
Horus name (variant V) of Seti I: Ka nakht hotep her Maat
Ka nakht hotep her Maat
kꜢ-nḫt ḥtp-ḥr-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull who has satisfied Maat
E1:D40-Htp:t*p-D2:Z1-C10A
Flaminian Obelisk North center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H6
Horus name variant W
Horus name (variant W) of Seti I: Ka nakht iri en Ra
Ka nakht iri en Ra
kꜢ-nḫt iri.n-rꜤ
Strong bull begotten of Ra
E1:D40-ir:n-C2
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H19
Horus name variant X
Horus name (variant X) of Seti I: Ka nakht mitet Mentju
Ka nakht mitet Mentju
kꜢ-nḫt miti-mnṯw
The strong bull, and the likeness of Montu
E1:D40-mi-t*t:Y1-mn:n:T-C17A
Flaminian obelisk, western base
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H7
Horus name variant Y
Horus name (variant Y) of Seti I: Ka nakht nedjety Ra
Ka nakht nedjety Ra
kꜢ-nḫt nḏti-rꜤ
The strong bull and protector of Ra
E1:D40-Aa27-nw:t*y:D40-ra:Z1-A40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H25
Horus name variant Z
Horus name (variant Z) of Seti I: Ka nakht sa Kheper
Ka nakht sa Kheper
kꜢ-nḫt zꜢ-ḫpri
Strong bull and son of Khepri
E1:D40-zA&Z1-xpr:r-i
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H17
Horus name variant α
Horus name (variant α) of Seti I: Ka nakht sa Wesiri
Ka nakht sa Wesiri
kꜢ-nḫt zꜢ-wsiri
Strong bull and son of Osiris
E1:D40-zA&Z1-ir:st*A40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H24
Horus name variant β
Horus name (variant β) of Seti I: Ka nakht sekha en Ra
Ka nakht sekha en Ra
kꜢ-nḫt s-ḫꜤ-n-rꜤ
Strong bull whom Ra has caused to appear
E1:D40-s-xa:a:a:n-ra:Z1-A41
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Isis, north side entrance thickness
Horus name variant γ
Horus name (variant γ) of Seti I: Ka nakht ...
Ka nakht ...
kꜢ-nḫt s-nb-pr(w)-niwt(w)
The strong bull...
E1:D40-z:nb-pr:pr-pr:O49-O49:O49
Chapel of Re-Harakhti north side entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name variant δ
Horus name (variant δ) of Seti I: Ka nakht aa khepesh
Ka nakht aa khepesh
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-ḫpš
The Strong bull, great of strong arm
E1:D40-aA:a:xpS
Mariette, Abydos, I, 49b
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 185:10
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:H26
Horus name variant ε
Horus name (variant ε) of Seti I: Ka nakht aa pehty
Ka nakht aa pehty
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-pḥty
The Strong bull great of might
E1:D40-aA:F9*F9
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 35
Nebty name
Nebty name of Seti I: Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
wḥm-mswt sḫm-ḫpš dr-pḏt-Ꜣ
Renewing births, the strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
F25-ms-s-w-t-sxm-x*p:O39:xpS-d:r:D40-pD:t-Z2:Z2:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N1a
Nebty name variant A1
Nebty name (variant A1) of Seti I: Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
wḥm-mswt sḫm-ḫpš dr-pḏt-Ꜣ
Renewing births, the strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
wHm-ms-w&t-sxm-M:D40:T16-d:r:D40-T9A:t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Seti I shrine at Kanais
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 65:14
Nebty name variant B1
Nebty name (variant B1) of Seti I: Sekhem pehty der pedjut 9
Sekhem pehty der pedjut 9
sḫm-pḥty dr-pḏt-9
The powerful of might who has repelled the Nine Bows
sxm-F9:t*t-d:r:D40-T10:t*Z2:Z2*Z2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:N2b
Nebty name variant B2
Nebty name (variant B2) of Seti I: Sekhem pehty der pedjut 9
Sekhem pehty der pedjut 9
sḫm-pḥty dr-pḏt-9
The powerful of might who has repelled the Nine Bows
sxm-F9:F9-d:r:D40-T10:t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Main text Qantara truncated obelisk
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 105:9, §51
Nebty name variant B3
Nebty name (variant B3) of Seti I: Sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
Sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
sḫm-ḫpš dr-pḏt-9
The strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
sxm-G87-x*p:O39-xpS-d:r:D40-pD:t*Z2-Z2:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N2a
Nebty name variant C
Nebty name (variant C) of Seti I: Men menu djet neheh
Men menu djet neheh
mn-mnw-ḏt-nḥḥ
Enduring of monuments forever
mn:n:Y1-mn:nw*nw*nw-D&t:N17-H-ra-H
Flaminian obelisk, southern center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N4
Nebty name variant D
Nebty name (variant D) of Seti I: Men menu em hutaat Maat
Men menu em hutaat Maat
mn-mnw-m-ḥwt-ꜤꜢt-mꜢꜤt
Enduring of monuments in the Great Mansion of Maat
mn:n:Y1-mn:n:nw*nw*nw-m-O90-t:pr-Sw
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N3
Nebty name variant E
Nebty name (variant E) of Seti I: Mentju en ta mek Kemet
Mentju en ta mek Kemet
mnṯw-n-tꜢ mk-kmt
Montu of the land, the protector of Egypt
mn:n:T-w-A40-n:N17-Aa15:a:k-I6:t*O49
Flaminian obelisk, northern center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N6
Nebty name variant F
Nebty name (variant F) of Seti I: Wafkhasut Dermentju
Wafkhasut Dermentju
wꜤf-ḫꜢswt dr-mnṯiw
Who has subdued the foreign lands and repelled the bedouin
G45-f:W:D40-N25:Z2-d:r:D40-mn:n-G4&t-Z2-T14
Flaminian obelisk, westerm center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N5
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Seti I: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
He who renews the crowns, he who subjugates the Nine Bows in all lands
F25-xa:a:Z2-wsr-s-r:D40-pD:t*Z2-m-N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15-16
Golden Horus name variant A1
Golden Horus name (variant A1) of Seti I: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
Who has repeated appearances, strong of troops in all lands
F25-HDt-N-S8-F78-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 193
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G1b
Golden Horus name variant A2
Golden Horus name (variant A2) of Seti I: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
Who has repeated appearances, strong of troops in all lands
F25-xa:Z2-wsr-s-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 71:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:G1a
Golden Horus name variant A3
Golden Horus name (variant A3) of Seti I: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
Who has repeated appearances, strong of troops in all lands
F25-xa:Z2-wsr-s-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17:N21*N21*N21-nb:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 64:14-15
Golden Horus name variant A4
Golden Horus name (variant A4) of Seti I: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
Who has repeated appearances, strong of troops in all lands
wHm-xa:3-wsr-T10:T10:T10-m-tA:tA:tA:N21*N21*N21-nb:Z2
Seti I shrine at Kanais
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 65:14-15
Golden Horus name variant B1
Golden Horus name (variant B1) of Seti I: User pedjut em tau nebu
User pedjut em tau nebu
wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
The one who is strong of troops in all lands
wsr-z:r:D40-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17:N21*N21*N21-nb:nb:nb
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G2
Golden Horus name variant B2
Golden Horus name (variant B2) of Seti I: User pedjut em tau nebu
User pedjut em tau nebu
wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
The one who is strong of troops in all lands
wsr-s-T10:t*Z2:M-N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
East face, Qantara truncated obelisk
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 106:5, §51
Golden Horus name variant B3
Golden Horus name (variant B3) of Seti I: User pedjut em tau nebu
User pedjut em tau nebu
wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
The one who is strong of troops in all lands
wsr-s-T10:T10:T10-M:N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
Main text Qantara truncated obelisk
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 105:9, §51
Golden Horus name variant C
Golden Horus name (variant C) of Seti I: Mer en Ra saa kaef
Mer en Ra saa kaef
mri.n-rꜤ sꜤꜢ-kꜢ-f
Whom Ra has loved, who has magnified his ka
C2-mr-r:n-s-aAv-D29:f
Flaminian obelisk, western center face
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G6
Golden Horus name variant D
Golden Horus name (variant D) of Seti I: Nefer renput, sankh tawy
Nefer renput, sankh tawy
nfr-rnpwt sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
Perfect of years, who has sustained the Two Lands
nfr-rnp-rnp-rnp-s-anx-n:x:N17:N17
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 161
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G7
Golden Horus name variant E
Golden Horus name (variant E) of Seti I: Akh en ituef seqa persen
Akh en ituef seqa persen
Ꜣḫ-n-itw.f sḳꜢ pr.sn
The one beneficial to his fathers, who has exalted their temples
G25&x:n-t:f:f:f-s-q-A28-O1:Z1-z:n:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G3
Golden Horus name variant F
Golden Horus name (variant F) of Seti I: Sehotep Ra em merretef
Sehotep Ra em merretef
sḥtp-rꜤ m mrrt.f
Who pleases Ra with whatever he (i.e., Ra) wishes
s-Htp:t*p-m&ra-U7:r:r-t*Z2:f
Flaminian obelisk, southern face
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 118:4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G4
Golden Horus name variant G
Golden Horus name (variant G) of Seti I: Sekhem netjeri  iren Khepri
Sekhem netjeri iren Khepri
sḫm-nṯri ir.n ḫpri
Divine power whom Khepri has begotten
sxm-Z1-A43L-nTr-t:D4:Y1:n-xpr:r-i-A40
Flaminian obelisk, northern face
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 118:7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:G5
Throne name
Throne name of Seti I: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-C10A-mn
Abydos king list 76
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T1
Throne name variant A1
Throne name (variant A1) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-mn-C10A
Saqqara king list 2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T2
Throne name variant A2
Throne name (variant A2) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-C10A-mn:n
Medinet Habu king-list 13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T1
Throne name variant A3
Throne name (variant A3) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-mn:n-H6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 59:5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T3
Throne name variant A3
Throne name (variant A3) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-mn:n-U5:a-t-Sw-Y1:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 244:11
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T4
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, heqa tawy
Men Maat Ra, heqa tawy
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-tꜢwi
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of the Two Lands
ra:mn-C10A-HqA-q:N17:N17
Assuan Year 9 lesser stela
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 73:13
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 141i
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T11
Throne name variant C
Throne name (variant C) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, heqa Waset
Men Maat Ra, heqa Waset
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-wꜢst
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Thebes
ra:mn-C10A-HqA-R19
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 34, 40k
Throne name variant D
Throne name (variant D) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, heqa Maat
Men Maat Ra, heqa Maat
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Maat
ra-HqA-C10A-Sw-mn
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 40b
Chapel of Osiris ceiling inscription
Throne name variant E
Throne name (variant E) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, heqa Iunu
Men Maat Ra, heqa Iunu
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Menmaatra, ruler of Heliopolis
ra:mn-C10A-HqA-iwn
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 34, 36a
Throne name variant F
Throne name (variant F) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, mer en Ra
Men Maat Ra, mer en Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ mr.n-rꜤ
Menmaatra, whom Ra has loved
ra:mn-C10A-ra*Z1:U7:n
Inner Osiris Hall, eastern architrave
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, 30
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 163:14
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T12
Throne name variant G
Throne name (variant G) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, ir en Ra
Men Maat Ra, ir en Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ iri.n-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, whom Ra engendered
ra:mn-C10A-ra*Z1:ir:n
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 80
Throne name variant H
Throne name (variant H) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, iwa Ra
Men Maat Ra, iwa Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ iwꜤ-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the heir of Ra
ra:mn-C10A-ra*Z1:iwa
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 9
Throne name variant I
Throne name (variant I) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, tit Ra
Men Maat Ra, tit Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ tit-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the (very) image of Ra
ra:mn-C10A-ra:D17
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36b
Throne name variant J
Throne name (variant J) of Seti I: Men Maat Ra, setep en Ra
Men Maat Ra, setep en Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Eternal is the Truth of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra:mn-C10A-stp&n&ra
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 34d
Chapel of Horus, under-lintel of door in east wall
Birth name
Birth name of Seti I: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
Seti, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-C7-i*i*mr:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39
Birth name variant A1
Birth name (variant A1) of Seti I: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
Seti, beloved of Ptah
stX-i-i-p:t-H-mr:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 244:12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:E6
Birth name variant A2
Birth name (variant A2) of Seti I: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
Seti, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-mr-stX*i*i:n
Flaminio obelisk
Birth name variant A3
Birth name (variant A3) of Seti I: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
Seti, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-stX-i-i-N36:n
Stela from Qadesh
. Ramesside Inscriptions, 1, 25:6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:E2
Birth name variant A4
Birth name (variant A4) of Seti I: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
Seti, beloved of Ptah
i-mn:n:U7-stX*i*i:n
Karnak Northern War scene, great Hyptstyle Hall
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:E3
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Seti I: Wesiri Seti, mer en Ptah
Wesiri Seti, mer en Ptah
wsiri stḥi mr.i-n-ptḥ
Osiris Seti, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-A43-V39-i-i-N36:n
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I-IV
Birth name variant C
Birth name (variant C) of Seti I: Seti
Seti
stḥy
The one who belongs to (the god) Seth
stX-i-i
Black granite statue (CG 39211)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:E5

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Flaminio obelisk, south center face

Kitchen 1975, 118, §58
Flaminio obelisk, west center face

Kitchen 1975, 118, §58

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 51 years
Eusebius xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 55 years
Jerome Sethus 55 years
Josephus 97 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 59 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 148–143
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 409–413
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 10–33
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 109–114

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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