Seti I

Also known as: Sethos I
Dynasty XIX
Seti I imitated Thutmose III’s Horus name by using the same one, but adding -sankhtawy, “sustaining the Two Lands,” to it. His splendid mortuary temple at Abydos contain more than thirty Horus names, but they were probably only used in the specific rituals.

Manetho recorded that he ruled for 51–59 years, which seems very unlikely, and it is generally accepted that he only ruled for 11–15 years, based on archeological finds.

Reign of Seti I
AE Chronology1290–1279
von Beckerath1290–1279
Shaw1294–1279
Redford1314–1304
Dodson1296–1279
Malek1294–1279
Arnold1306–1290
Grimal1294–1279
Manetho (Africanus)51 years
Manetho (Eusebius)55 years
Josephus59 years
St. Jerome55 years
Highest attestation11 years

 

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Display          
Horus name 1
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
  The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
  kA-nxt xaj-m-wAst sanx-tAwj
 E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-M127-anx-wAD
Chapels of Isis and Horus ceiling insription
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 40 j/k/m
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H1b
Horus name 2
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
  The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
  kA-nxt xaj-m-wAst sanx-tAwj
 E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-anx-N17:N17:N21*N21
Chapel of Sethos, west wall false door
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 34
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H1a
Horus name 3
Ka nakht kha em Waset
  The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes
  kA-nxt xaj-m-wAst
 E1:D40-m&xa-R19
PASSIM
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 150-151, 2:H28
Horus name 4
Ka nakht sankh tawy
  The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
  kA-nxt sanx-tawj
 E1:D40-s-anx-n:x-N17:N17
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39:2, alabaster stele
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H2
Horus name 5
Ka nakht sankh tawy
  The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
  kA-nxt sanx-tawj
 E1:D40-z:anx*(n:Aa1)-N17:N17:N21*N21
Flaminian Obelisk South base
Horus name 6
Ka nakht kha hedjet mery Ra
  Strong bull (whose) White Crown is hign, beloved of Ra
  kA-nxt qAj-HDt mrj-ra
 E1:D40-q-A28-S1-C2A-mr
Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte , 9, 81
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H11
Horus name 7
Ka nakht aa shefyt mery Ra
  Stong bull great of majesty and beloved of Ra
  kA-nxt aA-Sfjt mrj-ra
 E1:D40-aA:F8-C2A-mr
Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte , 9, 81
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H10
Horus name 8
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
  Strong bull and strong-armed one
  kA-nxt sxm-xpS
 E1:D40-sxm-G87-x*p:N37:F24
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, 18
Thickness of entrance from inner Osiris hall to chapel of Osiris
Horus name 9
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
  Strong bull and strong-armed one
  kA-nxt sxm-xpS
 E1:D40-sxm-m-D40:F24
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (B)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Ptah entrance thickness
Horus name 10
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
  Strong bull and strong-armed one
  kA-nxt sxm-xpS
 E1:D40-sxm-m-x*p:N37:F24-T16
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (E)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Horus name 11
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh
  The strong bull and strong-armed one
  kA-nxt sxm-xpS
 E1:D40-sxm-m-D40:xpS:D40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (A)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Osiris entrance thickness
Horus name 12
Ka nakht sekhem khepesh pedjut 9
  The strong bull of who defeated the Nine Bows
  kA-nxt sxm-xpS-pDt
 E1:D40-sxm-T16A-r:pD-t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (D)
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Isis entrance thickness
Horus name 13
Ka nakht wehem mesut
  Strong bull who has renewed births
  kA-nxt wHm-mswt
 E1:D40-F25-m-ms*w:t*Z2
Chapel of Re-Harakhti, north side
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name 14
Ka nakht wehem mesut
  Strong bull who has renewed births
  kA-nxt wHm-mswt
 E1:D40-F25-ms-s-w:t*Z2
Chapel of Osiris entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, 18
Horus name 15
Ka nakht wah nesut
  The strong bull, enduring of kingship
  kA-nxt wAH-nswt
 E1:D40-wAH-H-Y1v-sw*i*i:t*Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41
Chapel of Ptah entrance thickness
Horus name 16
Ka nakht mery Ra
  The strong bull, beloved of Ra
  kA-nxt mrj-ra
 E1:D40-ra:Z1-A41-mr-i-i
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:13
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H3
Horus name 17
Ka nakht mery Maat-Ra
  The strong bull, beloved of Maat and Ra
  kA-nxt mrj-maAt-ra
 E1:D40-ra:Z1-A41-C10A-mr
Flaminian obelisk, western center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H4
Horus name 18
Ka nakht der khasut em nakhtuef
  The strong bull who has repelled foreign lands with his victories
  kA-nxt dr-xAswt-m-nxtw.f
 E1:D40-d:r:D40-N25:t*Z2:Aa15-t*Z2:D40:f
Flaminian obelisk, southern center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H5
Horus name 19
Ka nakht hotep her Maat
  The strong bull who has satisfied Maat
  kA-nxt Htp-Hr-maAt
 E1:D40-Htp:t*p-D2:Z1-C10A
Flaminian Obelisk North center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H6
Horus name 20
Ka nakht mitet Mentju
  The strong bull, and the likeness of Montu
  kA-nxt mjtj-mnTw
 E1:D40-mi-t*t:Y1-mn:n:T-C17A
Flaminian obelisk, western base
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H7
Horus name 21
Ka nakht sa Atum
  The Strong bull, son of Atum
  kA-nxt zA-jtm
 E1:D40-H8:Z1-t:U15
Flaminian Obelisk North base
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H8
Horus name 22
Ka nakht kha em hedjet mery Ra
  Strong bull who appeared in the White Crown, beloved of Ra
  kA-nxt xaj-m-HDt mrj-ra
 E1:D40-m&xa-S1-C2A-mr
Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte , 9, 81
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H9
Horus name 23
Ka nakht sekha en Ra
  kA-nxt s-xa-n-ra
 E1:D40-s-xa:a:a:n-ra:Z1-A41
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Isis, north side entrance thickness
Horus name 24
Ka nakht user kau
  The strong bull, who has a strong soul
  kA-nxt wsr-kAw
 E1:D40-wsr-s-kA:kA*kA
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Horus, south side entrance thickness
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H13
Horus name 25
Ka nakht wer nesyt
  The strong bull, great of kingship
  kA-nxt wr-nsyt
 E1:D40-wr:r-sw-t-i-i
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
Chapel of Horus, south side entrance thickness
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H14
Horus name 26
Ka nakht wah nesut
  The strong bull, enduring of kingship
  kA-nxt wAH-nsyt
 E1:D40-wAH-H-Y1v-sw:t-i*i:Z2
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41
Chapel of Ptah, south side entrance thickness
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H15
Horus name 27
Ka nakht sekheper tawy
  Strong bull who has created the Two Lands
  kA-nxt sxpr-tAwj
 E1:D40-s-xpr:r-N17:N17:N21*N21
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55 (D)
Second hypostyle hall Isis entrance thickness
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H16
Horus name 28
Ka nakht sa Kheper
  Strong bull and son of Khepri
  kA-nxt zA-xprj
 E1:D40-zA&Z1-xpr:r-i
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H17
Horus name 29
Ka nakht tit Ra Atum
  The strong bull, the (very) image of Ra-Atum
  kA-nxt tjt-ra-jtm
 E1:D40-ra:D17:t-t:U15
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Chapel of Re-Harkhti, south side entrance thickness
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H18
Horus name 30
Ka nakht iri en Ra
  Strong bull begotten of Ra
  kA-nxt jrj.n-ra
 E1:D40-ir:n-C2
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H19
Horus name 31
Ka nakht sa Amun
  Strong bull and son of Amun
  kA-nxt zA-jmn
 E1:D40-zA&Z1-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H20
Horus name 32
Ka nakht tit Amun
  The strong bull, the (very) image of Amun
  kA-nxt tjt-jmn
 E1:D40-t:D17-i-mn:n
Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 148-149, 2:H21
Horus name 33
Ka nakht setep en Amun
  Strong bull, chosen of Amun
  kA-nxt stp.n-jmn
 E1:D40-stp:p:n-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 150-151, 2:H22
Horus name 34
Ka nakht mery en Amun
  Strong bull beloved of Amun
  kA-nxt mrj.n-jmn
 E1:D40-U7:r:n-i-mn:n
Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name 35
Ka nakht se neb peru niwtu?
  kA-nxt s-nb-pr(w)-niwt(w)
 E1:D40-z:nb-pr:pr-pr:O49-O49:O49
Chapel of Re-Harakhti north side entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 40
Horus name 36
Ka nakht user pedjut
  The strong bull with strong troops
  kA-nxt wsr-s-pDtw
 E1:D40-wsr-s-pD:pD:pD
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41; III, 18
Horus name 37
Ka nakht wer biaut
  Strong bull, great of marvels
  kA-nxt wr-biA-tw
 E1:D40-wr:r-U16:t*Z2
Chapel of Ptah north side entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, 41
Horus name 38
Ka nakht sekhau der pedjut 9
  The strong bull of appearances has repelled the Nine Bows
  kA-nxt s-xaw-pDt
 E1:D40-s-xa:Z2-D37:pD-t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Chapel of Ptah, southern thickness of entrance door
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
Horus name 39
Ka nakht wehem sekhemty(?)
  kA-nxt wHm-sxmty
 E1:D40-F25-m-S5-Z3
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 14a
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, plate 18 and IV, plate 53
Horus name 40
Ka nakht der pedjut 9
  The strong bull who repelled the Nine Bows
  kA-nxt dr-pDt
 E1:D40-d:r:D40-pD:t*Z2:Z2*Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, chapels entrance thicknesses
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
Horus name 41
Ka nakht user pedjut
  The strong bull with strong troops
  kA-nxt wsr-pDt
 E1:D40-wsr-s-pD:t:Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Ptah entrance, south thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53 (B)
Horus name 42
Ka nakht wehem khau
  Strong bull who has repeated apparitions
  kA-nxt wHm-xaw
 E1:D40-F25-m-xa:a-Y1:Z2
Second hypostyle Hall, east wall, Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 53 (E)
Horus name 43
Ka nakht wehem hedjet deshret atef
  The strong bull with renewed crowns
  kA-nxt wHm-HDt-dSrt-Atf
 E1:D40-F25-m-S1-S3-S8A
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 55
Horus name 44
Ka nakht sa Wesiri
  Strong bull and son of Osiris
  kA-nxt zA-wsjrj
 E1:D40-zA&Z1-ir:st*A40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 150-151, 2:H24
Horus name 45
Ka nakht nedjety Ra
  The strong bull and protector of Ra
  kA-nxt nDtj-ra
 E1:D40-Aa27-nw:t*y:D40-ra:Z1-A40
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 36
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 150-151, 2:H25
Horus name 46
Ka nakht sekhem pehty
  The strong bull, powerful of might
  kA-nxt sxm-pHty
 E1:D40-sxm-F9*F9:D40
Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 49b+c (stairs)
Nebty name 1
Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
  Renewing births, the strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
  wHm-mswt sxm-xpS dr-pDt-A
 F25-ms-s-w-t-sxm-x*p:O39:xpS-d:r:D40-pD:t-Z2:Z2:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N1a
Nebty name 2
Sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
  The strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
  sxm-xpS dr-pDt-9
 sxm-G87-x*p:O39-xpS-d:r:D40-pD:t*Z2-Z2:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:15
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N2a
Nebty name 3
Men menu em hutaat Maat
  Enduring of monuments in the Great Mansion of Maat
  mn-mnw-m-Hwt-aAt-mAat
 mn:n:Y1-mn:n:nw*nw*nw-m-O90-t:pr-Sw
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233:13
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N3
Nebty name 4
Men menu djet neheh
  Enduring of monuments forever
  mn-mnw-Dt-nHH
 mn:n:Y1-mn:nw*nw*nw-D&t:N17-H-ra-H
Flaminian obelisk, southern center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N4
Nebty name 5
Wafkhasut Dermentju
  Who has subdued the foreign lands and repelled the bedouin
  waf-xAswt dr-mnTjw
 G45-f:W:D40-N25:Z2-d:r:D40-mn:n-G4&t-Z2-T14
Flaminian obelisk, westerm center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N5
Nebty name 6
Mentju en ta mek Kemet
  Montu of the land, the protector of Egypt
  mnTw-n-tA mk-kmt
 mn:n:T-w-A40-n:N17-Aa15:a:k-I6:t*O49
Flaminian obelisk, northern center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:N6
Golden Horus name 1
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
  Who has repeated appearances, strong of troops in all lands
  wHm-xaw wsr-pDwt-m-tAw-nbw
 F25-HDt-N-S8-F78-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 193
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G1b
Golden Horus name 2
User pedjut em tau nebu
  The one who is strong of troops in all lands
  wsr-pDwt-m-tAw-nbw
 wsr-z:r:D40-T10:T10:T10-m-N17:N17:N17:N21*N21*N21-nb:nb:nb
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G2
Golden Horus name 3
Akh en ituef seqa persen
  The one beneficial to his fathers, who has exalted their temples
  Ax-n-jtw.f sqA pr.sn
 G25&x:n-t:f:f:f-s-q-A28-O1:Z1-z:n:Z2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G3
Golden Horus name 4
Sehotep Ra em merretef
  Who pleases Ra with whatever he (i.e., Ra) wishes
  sHtp-ra m mrrt.f
 s-Htp:t*p-m&ra-U7:r:r-t*Z2:f
Flaminian obelisk, southern face
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 118:4
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G4
Golden Horus name 5
Sekhem netjeri iren Khepri
  Divine power whom Khepri has begotten
  sxm-nTrj jr.n xprj
 sxm-Z1-A43L-nTr-t:D4:Y1:n-xpr:r-i-A40
Flaminian obelisk, northern face
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 118:7
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G5
Golden Horus name 6
Nefer renput, sankh tawy
  Perfect of years, who has sustained the Two Lands
  nfr-rnpwt sanx-tAwj
 nfr-rnp-rnp-rnp-s-anx-n:x:N17:N17
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 161
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G7
Golden Horus name 7
Mer en Ra saa kaef
  Whom Ra has loved, who has magnified his ka
  mrj.n-ra saA-kA-f
 C2-mr-r:n-s-aAv-D29:f
Flaminian obelisk, western center face
. . Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, 152-153, 2:G6
Golden Horus name 8
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
  He who renews the crowns, he who subjugates the Nine Bows in all lands
  wHm-xaw wsr-pDwt-m-tAw-nbw
 F25-xa:a:Z2-wsr-s-r:D40-pD:t*Z2-m-N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15-16
Throne name 1
Men Maat Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra
 ra-C10A-mn
Abydos king list 76
Throne name 2
Men Maat Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra
 ra-mn-C10A
Saqqara king list 2
Throne name 3
Men Maat Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra
 ra-C10A-mn:n
Throne name 4
Men Maat Ra, heqa Waset
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Thebes
  mn-mAat-ra HqA-wAst
 ra:mn-C10A-HqA-R19
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 34, 40k
Throne name 5
Men Maat Ra, heqa Maat
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Maat
  mn-mAat-ra HqA-mAat
 ra-HqA-C10A-Sw-mn
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 40b
Chapel of Osiris ceiling inscription
Throne name 6
Men Maat Ra, heqa Iunu
  Menmaatra, ruler of Heliopolis
  mn-mAat-ra HqA-jwnw
 ra:mn-C10A-HqA-iwn
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 34, 36a
Throne name 7
Men Maat Ra, iren Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, whom Ra engendered
  mn-mAat-ra jrj.n-ra
 ra:mn-C10A-ra*Z1:ir:n
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, 80
Throne name 8
Men Maat Ra, iwa Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the heir of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra jwa-ra
 ra:mn-C10A-ra*Z1:iwa
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 9
Throne name 9
Men Maat Ra, tit Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the (very) image of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra tjt-ra
 ra:mn-C10A-ra:D17
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36b
Throne name 10
Men Maat Ra, setep en Ra
  Eternal is the Truth of Ra, chosen of Ra
  mn-mAat-ra stp.n-ra
 ra:mn-C10A-stp&n&ra
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36d
Birth name 1
Seti, mer en Ptah
  Seti, beloved of Ptah
  stHy mrj.n-ptH
 p:t-H-C7-i*i*mr:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39
Birth name 2
Wesiri Seti, mer en Ptah
  Osiris Seti, beloved of Ptah
  wsjrj stHj mr.j-n-ptH
 p:t-H-A43-V39-i-i-N36:n
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I-IV

The Ancient sources

From the Greek and Roman historians of Ancient times

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 51 years
Eusebius xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 55 years
Jerome Sethus 55 years
Josephus 97 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 59 years

Inscriptions with the complete titulary


1. Flaminio obelisk, south center face
Kitchen 1975, 118, §58
2. Flaminio obelisk, west center face
Kitchen 1975, 118, §58

 

 

With 2112 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2016 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.3
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