Seti I

  Also known as: Sethos I, Sety INineteenth Dynasty


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

  • Horus name

    The earthly embodiment of Horus

    Horus name 1
    Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy

    Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy

    Transliteration: kA-nxt xaj-m-wAst sanx-tAwj
    Translation: The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
    References:
      Chapels of Isis and Horus ceiling insription
      Calverley, The Temple of King Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 40 j, k, m
  • Horus name 2
    Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy

    Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy

    Transliteration: kA-nxt xaj-m-wAst sanx-tAwj
    Translation: The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
    References:
      Chapel of Sethos, west wall false door
      Calverley, The Temple of King Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 34
  • Horus name 3
    Ka nakht kha em Waset

    Ka nakht kha em Waset

    Transliteration: kA-nxt xai-m-wAst
    Translation: The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes
    References:
      Passim
      Beckerath, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen, Dyn. XIX, 2 H28
  • Horus name 4
    Ka nakht sankh tawy

    Ka nakht sankh tawy

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sanx-tawj
    Translation: The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
    References:
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39 (2), alabaster stele
  • Horus name 5
    Ka nakht sankh tawy

    Ka nakht sankh tawy

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sanx-tawj
    Translation: The Strong bull who sustains the Two Lands
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk South base
  • Horus name 6
    Ka nakht kha hedjet mery Ra

    Ka nakht kha hedjet mery Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt qAj-HDt mrj-ra
    Translation: Strong bull (whose) White Crown is hign, beloved of Ra
    References:
      Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte (ASAE), IX, p. 81
  • Horus name 7
    Ka nakht aa shefyt mery Ra

    Ka nakht aa shefyt mery Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt aA-Sfjt mrj-ra
    Translation: Stong bull great of majesty and beloved of Ra
    References:
      Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte (ASAE), IX, p. 81
  • Horus name 8
    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-xpS
    Translation: Strong bull and strong-armed one
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, plate 18
  • Horus name 9
    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-xpS
    Translation: Strong bull and strong-armed one
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 10
    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-xpS
    Translation: Strong bull and strong-armed one
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 11
    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-xpS
    Translation: The strong bull and strong-armed one
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 55
  • Horus name 12
    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh pedjut 9

    Ka nakht sekhem khepesh pedjut 9

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-xpS-pDt
    Translation: The strong bull of who defeated the Nine Bows
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 55
  • Horus name 13
    Ka nakht wehem mesut

    Ka nakht wehem mesut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wHm-mswt
    Translation: Strong bull who has renewed births
    References:
      Chapel of Re-Harakhti, north side
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 14
    Ka nakht wehem mesut

    Ka nakht wehem mesut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wHm-mswt
    Translation: Strong bull who has renewed births
    References:
      Chapel of Osiris entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, plate 18
  • Horus name 15
    Ka nakht wah nesut

    Ka nakht wah nesut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wAH-nswt
    Translation: The strong bull, enduring of kingship
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
  • Horus name 16
    Ka nakht mery Ra

    Ka nakht mery Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt mrj-ra
    Translation: The strong bull, beloved of Ra
    References:
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233 (13)
  • Horus name 17
    Ka nakht mery Maat-Ra

    Ka nakht mery Maat-Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt mrj-maAt-ra
    Translation: The strong bull, beloved of Maat and Ra
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk West center face
  • Horus name 18
    Ka nakht der khasut em nakhtuef

    Ka nakht der khasut em nakhtuef

    Transliteration: kA-nxt dr-xAswt-m-nxtw.f
    Translation: The strong bull who has repelled foreign lands with his victories
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk South center face
  • Horus name 19
    Ka nakht hotep her Maat

    Ka nakht hotep her Maat

    Transliteration: kA-nxt Htp-Hr-maAt
    Translation: The strong bull who has satisfied Maat
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk North center face
  • Horus name 20
    Ka nakht mitet Mentju

    Ka nakht mitet Mentju

    Transliteration: kA-nxt mjtj-mnTw
    Translation: The strong bull, and the likeness of Montu
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk West base
  • Horus name 21
    Ka nakht sa Atum

    Ka nakht sa Atum

    Transliteration: kA-nxt zA-jtm
    Translation: The Strong bull, son of Atum
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk North base
  • Horus name 22
    Ka nakht kha em hedjet mery Ra

    Ka nakht kha em hedjet mery Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt xaj-m-HDt mrj-ra
    Translation: Strong bull who appeared in the White Crown, beloved of Ra
    References:
      Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte (ASAE), IX, p. 81
  • Horus name 23
    Ka nakht sekha en Ra

    Ka nakht sekha en Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt s-xa-n-ra
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36
  • Horus name 24
    Ka nakht user kau

    Ka nakht user kau

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wsr-kAw
    Translation: The strong bull, who has a strong soul
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36
  • Horus name 25
    Ka nakht wer nesyt

    Ka nakht wer nesyt

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wr-nsyt
    Translation: The strong bull, great of kingship
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36
  • Horus name 26
    Ka nakht wah nesut

    Ka nakht wah nesut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wAH-nsyt
    Translation: The strong bull, enduring of kingship
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
  • Horus name 27
    Ka nakht sekheper tawy

    Ka nakht sekheper tawy

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxpr-tAwj
    Translation: Strong bull who has created the Two Lands
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 55
  • Horus name 28
    Ka nakht sa Kheper

    Ka nakht sa Kheper

    Transliteration: kA-nxt zA-xprj
    Translation: Strong bull and son of Khepri
    References:
      Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 29
    Ka nakht tit Ra Atum

    Ka nakht tit Ra Atum

    Transliteration: kA-nxt tjt-ra-jtm
    Translation: The strong bull, the (very) image of Ra-Atum
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 30
    Ka nakht irien Ra

    Ka nakht irien Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt jrj.n-ra
    Translation: Strong bull begotten of Ra
    References:
      Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 31
    Ka nakht sa Amun

    Ka nakht sa Amun

    Transliteration: kA-nxt zA-jmn
    Translation: Strong bull and son of Amun
    References:
      Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 32
    Ka nakht tit Amun

    Ka nakht tit Amun

    Transliteration: kA-nxt tjt-jmn
    Translation: The strong bull, the (very) image of Amun
    References:
      Chapel of Re-Harakhti entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 33
    Ka nakht setep en Amun

    Ka nakht setep en Amun

    Transliteration: kA-nxt stp.n-jmn
    Translation: Strong bull, chosen of Amun
    References:
      Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 34
    Ka nakht mery en Amun

    Ka nakht mery en Amun

    Transliteration: kA-nxt mrj.n-jmn
    Translation: Strong bull beloved of Amun
    References:
      Chapel of Amun-Ra entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 35
    Ka nakht se neb peru niwtu?

    Ka nakht se neb peru niwtu?

    Transliteration: kA-nxt s-nb-pr(w)-niwt(w)
    References:
      Chapel of Re-Harakhti north side entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 40
  • Horus name 36
    Ka nakht user pedjut

    Ka nakht user pedjut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wsr-s-pDtw
    Translation: The strong bull with strong troops
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41 and III, plate 18
  • Horus name 37
    Ka nakht wer biaut

    Ka nakht wer biaut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wr-biA-tw
    Translation: Strong bull, great of marvels
    References:
      Chapel of Ptah north side entrance thickness
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
  • Horus name 38
    Ka nakht sekhau der pedjut 9

    Ka nakht sekhau der pedjut 9

    Transliteration: kA-nxt s-xaw-pDt
    Translation: The strong bull of appearances has repelled the Nine Bows
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 41
  • Horus name 39
    Ka nakht wehem sekhemty(?)

    Ka nakht wehem sekhemty(?)

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wHm-sxmty
    References:
      Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 14a
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, III, plate 18 and IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 40
    Ka nakht der pedjut 9

    Ka nakht der pedjut 9

    Transliteration: kA-nxt dr-pDt
    Translation: The strong bull who repelled the Nine Bows
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 41
    Ka nakht user pedjut

    Ka nakht user pedjut

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wsr-pDt
    Translation: The strong bull with strong troops
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 42
    Ka nakht wehem khau

    Ka nakht wehem khau

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wHm-xaw
    Translation: Strong bull who has repeated apparitions
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36 and IV, plate 53
  • Horus name 43
    Ka nakht wehem hedjet deshret atef

    Ka nakht wehem hedjet deshret atef

    Transliteration: kA-nxt wHm-HDt-dSrt-Atf
    Translation: The strong bull with renewed crowns
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 55
  • Horus name 44
    Ka nakht sa Wesiri

    Ka nakht sa Wesiri

    Transliteration: kA-nxt zA-wsjrj
    Translation: Strong bull and son of Osiris
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36
  • Horus name 45
    Ka nakht nedjety Ra

    Ka nakht nedjety Ra

    Transliteration: kA-nxt nDtj-ra
    Translation: The strong bull and protector of Ra
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36
  • Horus name 46
    Ka nakht sekhem pehty

    Ka nakht sekhem pehty

    Transliteration: kA-nxt sxm-pHty
    Translation: The strong bull, powerful of might
    References:
      Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 49b+c
  • Nebty name

    the Two Ladies — representation of Lower and Upper Egypt

    Nebty name 1
    Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9

    Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9

    Transliteration: wHm-mswt sxm-xpS dr-pDt-A
    Translation: Renewing births, the strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
    References:
      Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11 (15)
  • Nebty name 2
    Sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9

    Sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9

    Transliteration: sxm-xpS dr-pDt-9
    Translation: The strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
    References:
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233 (15)
  • Nebty name 3
    Men menu em hutaat Maat

    Men menu em hutaat Maat

    Transliteration: mn-mnw-m-Hwt-aAt-mAat
    Translation: Enduring of monuments in the Great Mansion of Maat
    References:
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 233 (13)
  • Nebty name 4
    Men menu djet neheh

    Men menu djet neheh

    Transliteration: mn-mnw-Dt-nHH
    Translation: Enduring of monuments forever
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk South center face
  • Nebty name 5
    Wafkhasut Dermentju

    Wafkhasut Dermentju

    Transliteration: waf-xAswt dr-mnTjw
    Translation: Who has subdued the foreign lands and repelled the bedouin
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk West center face
  • Nebty name 6
    Mentju en ta mek Kemet

    Mentju en ta mek Kemet

    Transliteration: mnTw-n-tA mk-kmt
    Translation: Montu of the land, the protector of Egypt
    References:
      Flaminian Obelisk North center face
  • Golden Horus

    the eternal Horus name

    Golden Horus 1
    Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu

    Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu

    Transliteration: wHm-xaw wsr-pDwt-m-tAw-nbw
    Translation: He who renews the crowns, he who subjugates the Nine Bows in all lands
    References:
      Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11 (15-16)
  • Throne name

    Prenomen — King of Upper and of Lower Egypt

    Throne name 1
    Men Maat Ra

    Men Maat Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra
    References:
      Abydos king list 76
      Mariette, Abydos, I, plate 43 (76)
  • Throne name 2
    Men Maat Ra

    Men Maat Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra
    References:
      Saqqara king list 2
      Mariette, La table de Saqqarah in Revue Archeologique, X, Plate XVII
      Meyer, Ägyptische Chronologie, plate 1 (2)
      Ramesseum king list 7
      Marseille stele 19, 28
  • Throne name 3
    Men Maat Ra

    Men Maat Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra
    References:
      Medinet Habu king list 13
  • Throne name 4
    Men Maat Ra, <em>heqa Waset</em>

    Men Maat Ra, heqa Waset

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra HqA-wAst
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Thebes
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 34, 40k
  • Throne name 5
    Men Maat Ra, <em>heqa Maat</em>

    Men Maat Ra, heqa Maat

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra HqA-mAat
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, ruler of Maat
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 40b
      Chapel of Osiris ceiling inscription
  • Throne name 6
    Men Maat Ra, <em>heqa Iunu</em>

    Men Maat Ra, heqa Iunu

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra HqA-jwnw
    Translation: Menmaatra, ruler of Heliopolis
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 34, 36a
  • Throne name 7
    Men Maat Ra, <em>iren Ra</em>

    Men Maat Ra, iren Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra jrj.n-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, whom Ra engendered
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, IV, plate 80
  • Throne name 8
    Men Maat Ra, <em>iwa Ra</em>

    Men Maat Ra, iwa Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra jwa-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the heir of Ra
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, II, plate 9
  • Throne name 9
    Men Maat Ra, <em>tit Ra</em>

    Men Maat Ra, tit Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra tjt-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, the (very) image of Ra
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36b
  • Throne name 10
    Men Maat Ra, <em>setep en Ra</em>

    Men Maat Ra, setep en Ra

    Transliteration: mn-mAat-ra stp.n-ra
    Translation: Eternal is the Truth of Ra, chosen of Ra
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, plate 36d
  • Birth name

    Nomen — Son of Ra

    Birth name 1
    Wesiri Seti mer en Ptah

    Wesiri Seti mer en Ptah

    Transliteration: wsjrj stHj mr.j-n-ptH
    Translation: Osiris Seti, beloved of Ptah
    References:
      Calverley, The Temple of King Sethos I at Abydos, I-IV
  • Birth name 2
    Seti mer en Ptah

    Seti mer en Ptah

    Transliteration: stHy mrj.n-ptH
    Translation: Seti, beloved of Ptah
    References:
      Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39

The Ancient sources

From the Greek and Roman historians of Ancient times

Author Greek Transliteration Transcription Reign
Africanus XIX,1 Σέθως Sethōs Sethus 51
Eusebius XIX,1 Σέθως Sethōs Sethus 55
Josephus 97 Σέθως Sethōs Sethus
Jerome XIX,1 Sethus 55










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