Seti I

Also known as: Sethos I
Dynasty XIX
picture of Drawing of Seti I<br> from the mortuary Temple

Seti I imitated Thutmose III’s Horus name by using the same one, but adding -sankhtawy, “sustaining the Two Lands,” to it. His splendid mortuary temple at Abydos contain more than thirty Horus names, but they were probably only used in the specific rituals.

Reign of Seti I
AE Chronology1290–1279
von Beckerath1290–1279
Shaw1294–1279
Dodson1296–1279
Malek1294–1279
Arnold1306–1290
Grimal1294–1279
Redford1314–1304
Manetho (Josephus)59 years
Manetho (Africanus)51 years
Manetho (Eusebius)55 years
Manetho (Jerome)55 years
Highest attestationYear 11

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
Ka nakht kha em Waset sankh tawy
 kꜢ-nḫt ḫꜤi-m-wꜢst sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
 The Strong bull who appeared in Thebes and sustains the Two Lands
E1:D40-m&xa-R19-s-M127-anx-wAD
Chapels of Isis and Horus ceiling insription
Calverley, The Temple of Sethos I at Abydos, I, 40 j/k/m
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 148-149, 2:H1b

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
Wehem mesut sekhem khepesh der pedjut 9
 wḥm-mswt sḫm-ḫpš dr-pḏt-Ꜣ
 Renewing births, the strong-armed one who has repelled the Nine Bows
F25-ms-s-w-t-sxm-x*p:O39:xpS-d:r:D40-pD:t-Z2:Z2:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 152-153, 2:N1a

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
Wehem khau user pedjut em tau nebu
 wḥm-ḫꜤw wsr-pḏwt-m-tꜢw-nbw
 He who renews the crowns, he who subjugates the Nine Bows in all lands
F25-xa:a:Z2-wsr-s-r:D40-pD:t*Z2-m-N17:N17:N17-nb:Z2
Beth-Shan stele of Seti I
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 11:15-16

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Men Maat Ra
Men Maat Ra
 mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
 Eternal is the Truth of Ra
ra-C10A-mn
Abydos king list 76
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 150-151, 2:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Seti, mer en Ptah
Seti, mer en Ptah
 stḥy mri.n-ptḥ
 Seti, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-C7-i*i*mr:n
. Ramesside Inscriptions, I, 39

Variants

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

1. Flaminio obelisk, south center face
Kitchen 1975, 118, §58
2. Flaminio obelisk, west center face
Kitchen 1975, 118, §58

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 51 years
Eusebius xix, 1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 55 years
Jerome Sethus 55 years
Josephus 97 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 59 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 148–143
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 409–413
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 10–33
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 109–114

 

 

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