Dynasty IV

According to the archaeological record. Shepseskaf was the last pharaoh of the fourth dynasty. The Turin papyrus and the Saqqara king list is damaged where the last rulers of the dynasty would be placed, and to make matters worse, they detail a different number of pharaohs between Khafra and Userkaf, the first ruler of the fifth dynasty.
According to Africanus, Sebercheres was the seventh of eight kings in Manetho's fourth dynasty.

Reign of Shepseskaf
AE Chronology2441–2436
von Beckerath2486–2479
Turin Canon4 years
Manetho (Africanus)7 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Shepseskaf: Shepses khet
Shepses khet
 The noble one of the (divine) Corporation
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I 160
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Shepseskaf: Shepses
 The noble one (by means) of the Two Ladies
Hassan, Excavations at Giza, III, 176-180
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:N
Throne name
Throne name of Shepseskaf: Shepses kaf
Shepses kaf
 His ka is noble
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 166
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 41a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:E1


The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus iv, 7 Σεβερχερης Seberkheres Sebercheres 7 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 54–55
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 425–426
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 101–103
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 37



With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2020 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2019-07-08
Disclaimer: The content should be accurate, but errors and omissions are possible. All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources.