Shepseskaf

 Dynasty IV

According to the archaeological record. Shepseskaf was the last pharaoh of the fourth dynasty. The Turin papyrus and the Saqqara king list is damaged where the last rulers of the dynasty would be placed, and to make matters worse, they detail a different number of pharaohs between Khafra and Userkaf, the first ruler of the fifth dynasty.
According to Africanus, Sebercheres was the seventh of eight kings in Manetho's fourth dynasty.

Reign of Shepseskaf
AE Chronology2441–2436
von Beckerath2486–2479
Shaw2503–2498
Dodson2396–2392
Allen2472–2467
Malek2460–2456
Arnold2454–2450
Redford2523–2519
Turin Canon4 years
Manetho (Africanus)7 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Shepseskaf: Shepses khet
Shepses khet
 šps-ẖt
 The noble one of the (divine) Corporation
Sps-Xt
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I 160
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Shepseskaf: Shepses
Shepses
 šps
 The noble one (by means) of the Two Ladies
Sps
Hassan, Excavations at Giza, III, 176-180
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:N
Throne name
Throne name of Shepseskaf: Shepses kaf
Shepses kaf
 šps-s-kꜢ-f
 His ka is noble
Sps-s-s-kA:f
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 166
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 41a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 54–55, 7:E1

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus iv, 7 Σεβερχερης Seberkheres Sebercheres 7 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 54–55
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 425–426
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 101–103
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 37

 

 



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