Smenkhkara

Also known as: Smenkhare, Smenkare Dynasty XVIII

Very little is known of Smenkhkara because from the reign of Horemhab and on the pharaohs sought to erase the entire Amarna Period from history. The scant evidence that does exist is ambigous and often conflicting, and this very hard to interpret with any certainty. The throne name of Smekhkara, Ankhkheperura is the same used by Neferneferuaten, which has led to a great deal of confusion as throne names tended to be unique. It is now widely accepted that if Ankhkheperura include an epiteth, it belongs to Neferneferuaten, while if no epiteth is included, it belongs to Smekhkara.

Reign of Smenkhkara
AE Chronology1336–1334
von Beckerath1338–1335
Shaw1338–1336
Dodson1346
Malek1338–1336
Grimal1338–1336
Redford1355
Manetho (Josephus)12y 3m

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Smenkhkara: Ankh kheperu Ra
Ankh kheperu Ra
Ꜥnḫ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Living are the manifestations of Ra
ra-anx-xpr-Z2
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (97-102)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 99a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 11:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Smenkhkara: Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
smnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḏsr-ḫprw
Potent is the soul of Ra, holy of forms
ra-z:mnx*kA-D45-xpr:Z2
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (103)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 99a
Birth name variant
Birth name of Smenkhkara: Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
Smenkh ka Ra, djoser kheperu
smnḫ-kꜢ-rꜤ ḏsr-ḫprw
Potent is the soul of Ra, holy of forms
ra-s-mnx-kA-D45-xpr-Z3
Petrie, Tell el Amarna, plate XV (104)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 11:E4

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 144–145
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 435–436
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 362–364
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 105

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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