Also known as: Djedefptah, Ptahdjedef Dynasty IV

Thamphthis is possibly a hellenized version of Djedefptah or Ptahdjedef. Most likely he never ruled the kingdom, but Middle Kingdom tradition seem to venerate his name and somewhere along the line, his name was included among the already then ancient kings. There are no attestations and no archaeological records whatsoever of this king, if he ever existed. The name is only mentioned as the last king in Africanus list of Manetho's fourth dynasty.

Reign of Thamphthis
von Beckerath2479–2477
Turin Canon2 years
Manetho (Africanus)9 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Thamphthis: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 4.16
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:16
The lacuna might have held Thamphthis, the hellenised name of Djedefptah.

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus iv, 8 Θαμφθις Thamphthis Thamphthis 9 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 53–54
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 80


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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