Also known as: Tutankhamon, King Tut, Tutankhamen, Tutankhaton
Dynasty XVIII
picture of Death mask of Tutankhamun
In Amarna letter EA 9, the king of Babylon wrote to the pharaoh of Egypt. The name transliterates to Ni-ib-hu-ur-re-re-ia, which transcribes to Nib-khurre-reya, which probably is the Akkadian cuneiform rendition of Neb-kheperu-ra. This is still debated among Egyptologists, and could instead belong to his father, Akhenaten. However, Akkadian nib only transcribes Egyptian neb and never nefer, which means it can't belong to Akhenaten, whose throne name begins with Nefer-. The content of EA 9 itself fits better with Akhenaten though, so the identity can't be said to be final for sure.

Reign of Tutankhamun
AE Chronology?–1324
von Beckerath1335–1325
Manetho (Josephus)9 years
Manetho (Africanus)6 years
Manetho (Jerome)9 years
Highest attestationYear 10


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Tutankhamun: Ka nakht tut mesut
Ka nakht tut mesut
 kꜢ-nḫt twt-mswt
 The strong bull, pleasing of birth
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2056
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:H1


Nebty name
Nebty name of Tutankhamun: Nefer hepu segereh tawy
Nefer hepu segereh tawy
 nfr-hpw sgrḥ-tꜢwi
 One of perfect laws, who pacifies the Two Lands
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2054
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:N1


Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Tutankhamun: Wetjes khau sehotep netjeru
Wetjes khau sehotep netjeru
 wṯs-ḫꜤw sḥtp-nṯrw
 Elevated of appearances who satisfied the gods
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2054
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:G1


Throne name
Throne name of Tutankhamun: Neb kheperu Ra
Neb kheperu Ra
 Lord of the forms of Ra
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2043
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 115,118; III, 119b, Text 79
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:T1


Birth name
Birth name of Tutankhamun: Tut ankh Amun
Tut ankh Amun
 The living image of Amun
Statue of Tutankhamun CG 42091 (JE 36583)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:E3


The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Backside of small cedar-wood chair

JE 62029. Tomb of Tutankhamun. Burton photos 152–153 (Carter No. 087).

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus xviii, 11 Ραθως Rhathos Rathos 6 years
Eusebius xviii, 10 Aθωρις Athoris Athoris 39 years
Jerome Achoris 9 years
Josephus 96 Pαθωτις Rhathotis Rathotis 9 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 144–145
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 479–481
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 365–373
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 106
Rainey, A. F. (2015). "The El–Amarna Correspondence". Vol. 1. 92–93, 1336
Miller. J. L. (2007). "Amarna Age Chronology and the Identity of Nibhururiya in the Light of a Newly Reconstructed Hittite Text." Altorientalische Forschungen 34, 252–293



With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2020 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2019-07-08
Disclaimer: The content should be accurate, but errors and omissions are possible. All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources.