Tutankhamun

Also known as: Tutankhamon, King Tut, Tutankhamen, Tutankhaton
Dynasty XVIII
picture of Death mask of Tutankhamun
In Amarna letter EA 9, the king of Babylon wrote to the pharaoh of Egypt. The name transliterates to Ni-ib-hu-ur-re-re-ia, which transcribes to Nib-khurre-reya, which probably is the Akkadian cuneiform rendition of Neb-kheperu-ra. This is still debated among Egyptologists, and could instead belong to his father, Akhenaten. However, Akkadian nib only transcribes Egyptian neb and never nefer, which means it can't belong to Akhenaten, whose throne name begins with Nefer-. The content of EA 9 itself fits better with Akhenaten though, so the identity can't be said to be final for sure.

Reign of Tutankhamun
AE Chronology?–1324
von Beckerath1335–1325
Shaw1336–1327
Dodson1343–1333
Malek1336–1327
Arnold1348–1338
Grimal1336–1327
Redford1355–1346
Manetho (Josephus)9 years
Manetho (Africanus)6 years
Manetho (Jerome)9 years
Highest attestationYear 10

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Ka nakht tut mesut
Ka nakht tut mesut
 kꜢ-nḫt twt-mswt
 The strong bull, pleasing of birth
E1:D40-t-w&t-ms-s-t-w-Z3
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2056
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Nefer hepu segereh tawy
Nefer hepu segereh tawy
 nfr-hpw sgrḥ-tꜢwi
 One of perfect laws, who pacifies the Two Lands
nfr-h:p-w-iz-Z3-s-g:r-H-a:N17:N17-N21:N21
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2054
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:N1

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Wetjes khau sehotep netjeru
Wetjes khau sehotep netjeru
 wṯs-ḫꜤw sḥtp-nṯrw
 Elevated of appearances who satisfied the gods
U39-xa:Z2-s-Htp:t*p-nTrw
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2054
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Neb kheperu Ra
Neb kheperu Ra
 nb-ḫprw-rꜤ
 Lord of the forms of Ra
ra-xpr-Z2:nb
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 2043
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 115,118; III, 119b, Text 79
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Tut ankh Amun
Tut ankh Amun
 twt-Ꜥnḫ-imn
 The living image of Amun
i-mn:n-t&w&t-anx
Statue of Tutankhamun CG 42091 (JE 36583)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 144-145, 12:E3

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 11 Ραθως Rhathos Rathos 6 years
Eusebius xviii, 10 Aθωρις Athoris Athoris 39 years
Jerome Achoris 9 years
Josephus 96 Pαθωτις Rhathotis Rathotis 9 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 144–145
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 479–481
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 365–373
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 106
Rainey, A. F. (2015). "The El–Amarna Correspondence". Vol. 1. 92–93, 1336
Miller. J. L. (2007). "Amarna Age Chronology and the Identity of Nibhururiya in the Light of a Newly Reconstructed Hittite Text." Altorientalische Forschungen 34, 252–293

 

 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2017 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2.02
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