Unas

Also known as: Wenis, Unis Dynasty V

Unas is present on the Abydos (33) and Saqqara (23) king lists, as well as in the Turin papyrus (4.25). He is also included on Manetho's king list as the last ruler of the fifth dynasty, Onnos.

Reign of Unas
AE Chronology2321–2306
von Beckerath2342–2322
Shaw2375–2345
Dodson2312–2282
Allen2353–2323
Malek2341–2311
Redford2404–2374
Turin Canon30 years
Manetho (Africanus)33 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Unas: Wadj tawy
Wadj tawy
wꜢḏ-tꜢwi
The sturdy one of the Two Lands
wAD-N18:N18
ASAE, 2, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 60-61, 8:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Unas: Wadjem
Wadjem
wꜢḏ-m
The one who is sturdy by means of the Two Ladies
wAD-m
ASAE, 2, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 60-61, 8:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Unas: Bik neb wadj
Bik neb wadj
bik-nbw-wꜢḏ
The sturdy golden falcon
wAD*G5:nbw
ASAE, 2, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 60-61, 8:G
Throne name
Throne name of Unas: Unas
Unas
wnis
wn:n-i*s
Abydos king list 33
Saqqara king list 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 60-61, 8:E2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Unas: Unas
Unas
wnis
wn:n-i-s
Royal Canon of Turin 4.25
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), III:25
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, I, 81

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus v, 9 Οννος Onnos Onnus 33 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 60–61
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 482–484
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 138–142
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 40–41

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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