The Third Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 2593-2544 BC.
Capital: Memphis

The Third Dynasty ushered in the Old Kingdom. Memphis had now taken over from Thinis as the capital. The line of succession is still disputed amongst Egyptologists. It is very difficult to even place the various names with a certain king. There is some evidence to suggest that a civil war erupted during this dynasty.

The Third Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Nebka Hen Nekht (not in use anymore)
2 Djoser Zezer, Zozer, Djeser 2592–2566
3 Sekhemkhet Djosertety, Djoserteti, Djoserty 2565–2559
4 Hudjefa II
5 Mesochris
6 Nebkara Nebkare
7 Neferkara Neferkare
8 Huni ?–2544
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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