The Twenty-first Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 1069-945 BC.
Capital: Tanis

The Twenty-first Dynasty ruled Lower Egypt, while the High Priests of Amun ruled Middle and Upper Egypt.

The Twenty-first Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Smendes I Hedjkheperra 1077–1051
2 Amenemnesut Neferkara Amenemnisu 1051–1047
3 Psusennes I Aakheperra 1047–1001
4 Amenemope Usermaatra 1101–992
5 Osochor Aakheperra Osorkon the Elder 992–986
6 Siamun Netjerikheperra 986–967
7 Psusennes II Titkheperura 967–943
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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