Djoser

Also known as: Zezer, Zozer, Djeser
Dynasty III

The Horus name Netjerykhet can with certainty be attached to Djoser as the names appears together on a statue of Senusret II of the twelfth dynasty, and also on the Famine stela carved into the rock on Sehel Island. Stelae from the Djoser pyramid complex at Saqqara mention the name of Djoser and his family, but always start with Khenti-ta-djeser-nisut (blessed be the country of the sublime king). The "djeser-nisut" was probably misinterpreted as his birth name by later scribes.

Reign of Djoser
AE Chronology2592–2566
von Beckerath2665–2645
Shaw2667–2648
Dodson2584–2565
Allen2630–2611
Malek2628–2609
Redford2687–2668
Turin Canon19y 1m
Manetho (Africanus)29 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Djoser: Netjery khet
Netjery khet
 nṯri-ẖt
 Divine of body
nTr-r:X
Garstang, Mahasna, plates VIII to X
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 2f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 2:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name of Djoser: Netjery khet
Netjery khet
 nṯri-ẖt
 The one whose body is divine
nTr-r:X
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 2f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 2:N

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Djoser: Nub Ra
Nub Ra
 nbw-rꜤ
ra:nbw
Kaplony. Steingefäße mit Inschriften der Frühzeit und des Alten Reiches, I, 68
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 2f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 2:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Djoser: Djoser*
Djoser*
 ḏsr
 The sacred one
Dsr-r
Saqqara king list 47
Statue of Djoser dedicated by Senusret II, ÄM 7702
Aegyptische Inschriften aus den Staatlichen Museum zu Berlin. I, 144 (7702)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 48-49, 2:E2

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus iii, 2 Toσoρθρoς Tosorthros Tosorthros 29 years
Eusebius iii, 2 Σεσορθος Sesorthos Sesorthos

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 48–49
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 96–100
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 50–53
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 32

 

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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