Khendjer

 Dynasty XIII

Khendjer is the earliest known Semitic king of a native Egyptian dynasty and his name has been interpreted as the foreign name Hnzr and equated with the Semitic personal name for "boar". His name is present in the Turin Canon, and only a few other finds contain his name. He had a small pyramid built at Saqqara.

Reign of Khendjer
AE Chronology1732–1728
Ryholt1764–1759
Franke1718–1723
Redford1756–1751
Highest attestationYear 5

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne name
Throne name of Khendjer: User ka Ra
User ka Ra
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The strong one of the ka of Ra
ra-wsr-s-kA
Jéquier, Deux pyramides du moyen empire, plate 6
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 17:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Khendjer: User ka Ra
User ka Ra
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The strong one of the ka of Ra
wsr-s-kA-ra
A catalogue of the scarabs belonging to George Fraser, no. 65
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 17:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Khendjer: Khendjer
Khendjer
ḫnḏr
The wild boar
x:n-M37:r
Jéquier, Deux pyramides du moyen empire, plate 6
Pyramidion of Khendjer (Cairo Museum JE 53045)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 17:E
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Khendjer: User [ka] Ra Khendjer
User [ka] Ra Khendjer
wsr-..-rꜤ ḫnḏr
ra-wsr-//-ra:n-Dr
Royal Canon of Turin 7.20
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), VI:20
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 94-95, 17:T+E

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 94–95
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 180–182
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 138–139
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 66
Ryholt, K. (1997). The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. 220–221

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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