Ramesses XI

 Dynasty XX


Reign of Ramesses XI
AE Chronology1106–1077
von Beckerath1103–1070
Shaw1099–1069
Dodson1094–1064
Malek1099–1069
Arnold1100–1070
Grimal1098–1069
Redford1111–1081
Highest attestationYear 28

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ramesses XI: Ka nakht mery Ra
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-C2-mr
The Epigraphic Survey, The Temple of Khonsu, II, plate 201
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ramesses XI: User khepesh hed hefnu
User khepesh hed hefnu
wsr-ḫpš hd-ḥfnw
He whose blow is powerful, he whose attacks are countless
wsr-s-T16A-h:d-a:D40-I8:Z2
The Epigraphic Survey, The Temple of Khonsu, II, plate 205
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ramesses XI: Wer pehty, sankh tawy, ity her maat, sehotep tawy
Wer pehty, sankh tawy, ity her maat, sehotep tawy
Wr-pḥti-s.Ꜥnḫ-tꜢwi-iti-Ꜥnḫ-wḏ-snb-shr-ib-MꜢꜤt-s.ḥtp-tꜢwi
He whose power is great, he gives new life to the Two Lands, life, prosperity, health, he reconciles the Two Lands under the majesty of Maat
wr:r-F22:t*Z5-A24-s-anx-N17:N17:N23*N23-i-A2-U33-i-i-A23-G7-anx-DA-s-h:r-Y1:ib-U5:a*Z1-Sw:Y1-s-Htp:t*p:Y1-N17:N17:N23*N23
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 754
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ramesses XI: Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
The justice of Ra is enduring, chosen by Ptah
ra:mn-C10A\-C102G-stp:n
The Epigraphic Survey, The Temple of Khonsu, II, plate 201
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ramesses XI: Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
The justice of Ra is enduring, chosen by Ptah
ra:mn-C10A-p*t:stp:n-H
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 701
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ramesses XI: Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
Men maat Ra, setep en Ptah
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
The justice of Ra is enduring, chosen by Ptah
ra:mn-C10A-C19C-stp:n
Fabretti, Rossi, Lanzone, Regio Museo di Torino, II, no. 6808
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 174-175, 10:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Ramesses XI: Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw ḫꜤi-(m)-wꜢst mrr-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Ramesses, he appeared in Thebes. Beloved of Amun, divine ruler of Heliopolis
ms:z:z-C2A\-xa:R19-C12A-r*r:mr*HqA*nTr*iwn
The Epigraphic Survey, The Temple of Khonsu, II, plate 201
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ramesses XI: Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw ḫꜤi-(m)-wꜢst mrr-imn nṯr-ḥḳ3-iwnw
Ramesses, he appeared in Thebes. Beloved of Amun, divine ruler of Heliopolis
C2A\-xa:R19-C12A-N36:r:r-ms-HqA-nTr-iwn
The Epigraphic Survey, The Temple of Khonsu, II, plate 203
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ramesses XI: Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
Ramessu, kha em Waset, mery Amun, netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw ḫꜤi-(m)-wꜢst mrr-imn nṯr-ḥḳ3-iwnw
Ramesses, he appeared in Thebes. Beloved of Amun, divine ruler of Heliopolis
C2\-xa:R19-C12-N36:r:r-ms-HqA-nTr-iwn-z:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 238a

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 174–175
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 334–336
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 219–224
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 134–135

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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