Marcus Aurelius

Also known as: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus Roman Emperors


Reign of Marcus Aurelius
161–180

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Kaisaros / Nomen
Kaisaros / Nomen of Marcus Aurelius: Antonino(s)
Antonino(s)
Antoninus
A&W-r:r-i-i-iab:nw-xpr-N-i-i-N-i-i
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 87d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:2
Kaisaros / Nomen variant A
Kaisaros / Nomen (variant A) of Marcus Aurelius: Aurelios Antoninos neti khu ankh djet
Aurelios Antoninos neti khu ankh djet
Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, living forever
W&A&R-l:a-i-V6-i-D6:N17:n-i-i-nw:V6-nw:t:S45-anx-D&t:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text II, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:3
Kaisaros / Nomen variant B
Kaisaros / Nomen (variant B) of Marcus Aurelius: Aurelios Antoninos neti khu ankh djet
Aurelios Antoninos neti khu ankh djet
Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, living forever
A&W-l:D36-i-i-z-"+"-D6:N16A-n:(i-i-nw:nw)-nw:t-S45-anx-D&t:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text II, 254
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:4
Kaisaros / Nomen variant C
Kaisaros / Nomen (variant C) of Marcus Aurelius: Aure(li)os Ankhdjet Antoni(nos) Ankhdjet
Aure(li)os Ankhdjet Antoni(nos) Ankhdjet
Aurelius, living forever, Antoninus, living forever
W&A-r:a:z-anx-D&t:N17-"+"-D6:tA-n:i*i-anx\R270:D&t:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text II, 255
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:5
Kaisaros / Nomen variant D
Kaisaros / Nomen (variant D) of Marcus Aurelius: [Markos] Aurelio(s) Antoninos Sebastos
[Markos] Aurelio(s) Antoninos Sebastos
[Marcus] Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
Aa15:r-q*W:z-"+"-iab*W:r-I14C-i-i-"+"-a:R24-N16A-i-nw-i-n:z-"+"-z:M39D-N14*t:z
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 142
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:6
Kaisaros / Nomen variant E
Kaisaros / Nomen (variant E) of Marcus Aurelius: Aurelios Antoninos hena saf Komodos
Aurelios Antoninos hena saf Komodos
Aurelius Antoninus and his son Commodus
i-H27:R:z-D6:N17-nw:y-nw:H8-V77-H8*Z1:f-q:Aa15:t*H8
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 88a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:7
Autokrator & Kaisaros
Autokrator & Kaisaros of Marcus Aurelius: Autokrator Kaisaros Mark(os) Aurelio(s) Antonin(os)
Autokrator Kaisaros Mark(os) Aurelio(s) Antonin(os)
Emperor Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
iab*W:t:k-r:t:r-k:z:ra*H8-N36:r:k-"+"-iab*W*R:r-i-i-iab*nw:N17:n-i-nw-i
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 87e
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 262-263, 16:1

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 262–263
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 21 (1917): 150–166

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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