The First Dynasty of covers the first Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt. It immediately follows the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, most likely by king Narmer, and marks the beginning of Egyptian historical times. The center of power was centered at the yet to be discovered city of Thinis. Very few details of this dynasty has survived. The large tombs of the kings were built mainly of wood with only some small use of stone for the walls and floors. It is thought that human sacrifice was part of the funerary ceremonies, as many smaller tombs were found adjacent to tombs of the kings.
|#||Pharaoh||Throne name||Also known as||Reign*|
|4||Djet||Wadj, Zet, Uadji||2822–2815|
OK – Old Kingdom
MK – Middle Kingdom
NK – New Kingdom
SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Thebes – The Southern capital
Memphis – The Northern capital
Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.
Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.
Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.
Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name
Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script
Hyksos – Greek form of
Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.