The First Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Dates: 2900-2737 BC.
Capital: Thinis

The First Dynasty of covers the first Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt. It immediately follows the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, most likely by king Narmer, and marks the beginning of Egyptian historical times. The center of power was centered at the yet to be discovered city of Thinis. Very few details of this dynasty has survived. The large tombs of the kings were built mainly of wood with only some small use of stone for the walls and floors. It is thought that human sacrifice was part of the funerary ceremonies, as many smaller tombs were found adjacent to tombs of the kings.

The First Dynasty
#PharaohThrone nameAlso known asReign*
1 Narmer Menes c. 2900
2 Aha Hor-Aha ?–2870
3 Djer Hor-Djer 2870–2823
4 Djet Wadj, Zet, Uadji 2822–2815
5 Den Khasty Dewen, Udimu 2814–2772
6 Adjib Merybiap Anedjib, Enezib 2771–2764
7 Semerkhet Iry/Semsu 2763–2756
8 Qaa Kaa 2755–2732
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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