Ninetjer

Also known as: Nynetjer, Banetjer Dynasty II

The Horus name of Ninetjer is one of the best attested of the second dynasty. According to Africanus, Manetho gave him the name Binothris, while Eusebius claim it was Biophis; both surely comes from the similar names of the New Kingdom, Banetjer and Banetjeru. The beginning of the name on the Turin papyrus is lost, but it ends with netjeren, so that too might have contained almost the same form of the name.

Reign of Ninetjer
AE Chronology2700–2660
von Beckerath2785–2742
Malek2750–2707
Redford2790–2754
Turin Canon70 (years?)
Manetho (Africanus)47 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ninetjer: Ni netjer
Ni netjer
ni-nṯr
Godlike one of Horus
nTr-n
Palermo Stone, Recto line 4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 3:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ninetjer: Ni netjer
Ni netjer
ni-nṯr
Godlike one of the Two Ladies
nTr:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate VIII (13)
Kaplony, Inschriften der ägyptischen Frühzeit, III, 149 (862)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 1:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ninetjer: Ren nebu
Ren nebu
rn-nbw
Name of gold / Golden offspring
M22-(r:n:nbw)
Palermo Stone Recto line 4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 3:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Ninetjer: Ba netjer*
Ba netjer*
bꜢ-nṯr
W10A*E11-nTr:n
Abydos king list 11
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 3:1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ninetjer: Ba netjeru*
Ba netjeru*
W10A-G29-nTr-t:r-w
Saqqara king list 54
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 3:2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ninetjer: ..netjeren*
..netjeren*
..nṯr-rn
//-nTr-r:n
Royal Canon of Turin 3.22
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), II:22
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 42-43, 2:3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus ii, 3 Βίνωθρις Binothris Binothris 47 years
Eusebius ii, 3 Βίοφις Biophis Biophis

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 42–43
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 281–284
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 20, 38–39
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 28

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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