The Marseille Stele

The Marseille Stele, also known as The Offering Table of Qenhirkhopshef, was originally located in the Karnak Temple complex at Luxor. It was likely made in the reign of the Nineteenth Dynasty pharaoh Merenptah or his son Seti II. The 34 cartouches contain 30 royal names of 17 pharaohs, of which four are the (omitted) names of Ahmose's mother and wife (numbers 8, 9, 33, and 34). It now resides at the museum Musée d'Archéologie Méditerranéenne (Inventory Number 204) in Marseille, France, from which it is named.
It measures 39.5 × 34 × 15 cm (15.5 × 13 × 5.9 inches).

Marseille Stele
Marseille Stele

Note: Cartouche 14 contains Aa-kheperu-en-ra which can only be a variant of Aa-kheperu-ra, the prenomen of Amenhotep II. The prenomen of Thutmose II (Aa-kheper-en-ra), is already present (12 and 24).

#HieroglyphsName in listPharaoh
1, 21 Marseille king list: cartouche of Ramesses II (User Maat Ra, setep en Ra) User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Ramesses II
2 Marseille king list: cartouche of Ramesses II (Ramessu mery Amun) Ramessu mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw mri-imn
Ramesses II
3 Marseille king list: cartouche of Senakhtenra (Senakht en Ra) Senakht en Ra
snḫt.n-rꜤ
Senakhtenra
4 Marseille king list: cartouche of Seqenenra (Seqen en Ra) Seqen en Ra
sḳn.n-rꜤ
Seqenenra
5 Marseille king list: cartouche of Kamose (Wadj kheper Ra) Wadj kheper Ra
wꜢḏ-ḫpr-rꜤ
Kamose
6, 31 Marseille king list: cartouche of Mentuhotep II (Neb hapet Ra) Neb hapet Ra
nb-ḥꜢpt-rꜤ
Mentuhotep II
7 Marseille king list: cartouche of Ahmose I (Neb pehty Ra) Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
Ahmose I
10, 30 Marseille king list: cartouche of Thutmose I (Aa kheper ka Ra) Aa kheper ka Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Thutmose I
11, 23 Marseille king list: cartouche of Thutmose III (Men kheper Ra) Men kheper Ra
mn-ḫpr-rꜤ
Thutmose III
12, 24 Marseille king list: cartouche of Thutmose II (Aa kheper en Ra) Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Thutmose II
13 Marseille king list: cartouche of Amenhotep I (Djoser ka Ra) Djoser ka Ra
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Amenhotep I
14 Marseille king list: cartouche of Amenhotep II (Aa kheperu en Ra) Aa kheperu en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-n-rꜤ
Amenhotep II
15, 25 Marseille king list: cartouche of Thutmose IV (Men kheperu en Ra) Men kheperu en Ra
mn-ḫprw-n-rꜤ
Thutmose IV
16, 29 Marseille king list: cartouche of Amenhotep III (Neb Maat Ra) Neb Maat Ra
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Amenhotep III
17, 26 Marseille king list: cartouche of Horemheb (Djoser kheperu en Ra) Djoser kheperu en Ra
ḏsr-ḫprw-n-rꜤ
Horemheb
18, 27 Marseille king list: cartouche of Ramesses I (Men pehty Ra) Men pehty Ra
mn-pḥti-rꜤ
Ramesses I
19, 28 Marseille king list: cartouche of Seti I (Men Maat Ra) Men Maat Ra
mn-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Seti I
20 Marseille king list: cartouche of Seti II (Usiri Seti mery en Ptah) Usiri Seti mery en Ptah
wsiri sti mri.n-ptḥ
Seti II
22 Marseille king list: cartouche of Amenhotep I (Amenhotep) Amenhotep
imn-ḥtp
Amenhotep I
32 Marseille king list: cartouche of Ramesses II (Ramessu mery Amun) Ramessu mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw mri-imn
Ramesses II

Bibliography

  • Heinrich Brugsch: "Beschreibung einer Altägyptischen Opfertafel", Monatsberichte der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1858, 69-71
  • Ernest de Saulcy: "Étude sur la série des rois inscrits a la salle des Ancêtres de Thouthmès III", Mémoires de l'Académie nationale de Metz, S.2, Ed. 11.2, 257-358
  • The stele description at the Marseille museum collections
End of page
Kinglists
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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