The Marseille Stele, also known as The Offering Table of Qenhirkhopshef, was originally located in the Karnak Temple complex at Luxor. It was likely made in the reign of the Nineteenth Dynasty pharaoh Merenptah or his son Seti II. The 34 cartouches contain 30 royal names of 17 pharaohs, of which four are the (omitted) names of Ahmose's mother and wife (numbers 8, 9, 33, and 34). It now resides at the museum Musée d'Archéologie Méditerranéenne (Inventory Number 204) in Marseille, France, from which it is named.
It measures 39.5 × 34 × 15 cm (15.5 × 13 × 5.9 inches).
Note: Cartouche 14 contains Aa-kheperu-en-ra which can only be a variant of Aa-kheperu-ra, the prenomen of Amenhotep II. The prenomen of Thutmose II (Aa-kheper-en-ra), is already present (12 and 24).
|#||Hieroglyphs||Name in list||Pharaoh|
|1, 21||User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
|2||Ramessu mery Amun
|3||Senakht en Ra
|4||Seqen en Ra
|5||Wadj kheper Ra
|6, 31||Neb hapet Ra
|7||Neb pehty Ra
|10, 30||Aa kheper ka Ra
|11, 23||Men kheper Ra
|12, 24||Aa kheper en Ra
|13||Djoser ka Ra
|14||Aa kheperu en Ra
|15, 25||Men kheperu en Ra
|16, 29||Neb Maat Ra
|17, 26||Djoser kheperu en Ra
|18, 27||Men pehty Ra
|19, 28||Men Maat Ra
|20||Usiri Seti mery en Ptah
|32||Ramessu mery Amun
OK – Old Kingdom
MK – Middle Kingdom
NK – New Kingdom
SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Thebes – The Southern capital
Memphis – The Northern capital
Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.
Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.
Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.
Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name
Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script
Hyksos – Greek form of
Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.