The New Kingdom

The New Kingdom was Egypt’s most prosperous time and marked the peak of its power. Through military dominance abroad, it saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. It expanded far into Nubia in the south, and held wide territories in the Near East, where they fought with the Hittites.

Dynasty XVIII

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Ahmose I Amasis, Amosis 1550–1525
2 Amenhotep I Amenophis I 1541–1520
3 Thutmose I Tuthmosis I, Thutmosis I 1520–1492
4 Thutmose II Tuthmosis II, Thutmosis II 1492–1479
5 Hatshepsut Hatchepsut 1473–1458
6 Thutmose III Tuthmosis III, Thutmosis III 1479–1425
7 Amenhotep II Amenophis II 1425–1400
8 Thutmose IV Tuthmosis IV, Thutmosis IV 1400–1390
9 Amenhotep III Amenophis III 1390–1352
10 Amenhotep IV Akhenaten, Akhenaton, Echnaton, Amenophis IV 1352–1334
11 Neferneferuaten Nefertiti, Meritaten 1334–1332
12 Smenkhkara Smenkhare, Smenkare 1332–
13 Tutankhamun Tutankhamon, King Tut, Tutankhamen, Tutankhaton 1332–1323
14 Ay Aja, Aya 1322–1320
15 Horemheb Horemhab, Haremhab 1320–1292

Dynasty XIX

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Ramesses I Ramses I 1292–1290
2 Seti I Sethos I 1290–1279
3 Ramesses II Rameses II, Ramses II 1279–1213
4 Merenptah Merneptah 1213–1203
5 Seti II Sethos II 1203–1200
6 Amenmesse Amenmesses, Amenmose 1203–1197
7 Siptah Merenptah Siptah 1197–1191
8 Tausret Tawosret, Twosret 1191–1190

Dynasty XX

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Setnakht Setnakhte 1190–1186
2 Ramesses III Rameses III, Ramses III 1186–1155
3 Ramesses IV 1155–1149
4 Ramesses V 1149–1145
5 Ramesses VI 1145–1137
6 Ramesses VII 1137–1130
7 Ramesses VIII 1130–1129
8 Ramesses IX 1129–1111
9 Ramesses X 1111–1107
10 Ramesses XI 1107–1077

End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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