The Third Intermediate Period

The Third Intermediate Period was marked by decline and political instability, division of the state for much of the period and conquest and rule by foreigners.

Dynasty XXI

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Smendes I 1077–1051
2 Amenemnesut Amenemnisu 1051–1047
3 Psusennes I 1047–1001
4 Amenemope 1101–992
5 Osochor Osorkon the Elder 992–986
6 Siamun 986–967
7 Psusennes II 967–943

Dynasty XXII

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Shoshenq I Sheshonq I, Sheshonk I 943–922
2 Osorkon I 922–887
3 Shoshenq II Sheshonq II, Sheshonk II
4 Shoshenq IIb Sheshonq IIb, Sheshonk IIb
5 Takelot I 885–872
6 Osorkon II 872–837
7 Shoshenq III Sheshonq III, Sheshonk III 837–798
8 Shoshenq IV 798–785
9 Pami 785–778
10 Shoshenq V Sheshonq V, Sheshonk V 778–740
11 Pedubast II
12 Osorkon IV 740–720

Dynasty XXIII

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Takelot II 840–815
2 Pedubast I 829–804
3 Iuput I 829–804
4 Shoshenq VI Previously known as Shoshenq IV 804–798
5 Osorkon III 798–769
6 Takelot III 774–759
7 Rudamun Rudamon 759–755

Dynasty XXIV

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Tafnakht
2 Bakenrenef

Dynasty XXV

# Pharaoh Alternate names Reign (BC)
1 Piye Piankhi, Piankhy, Pije, Pianchy 752–721
2 Shabaka Sabacon 721–707
3 Shebitko Shebitku 707–690
4 Taharqa Taharka, Taharqo 690–664
5 Tenutamen Tantamani 664–656

End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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