Eusebius

Eusebius of Caesarea (c. AD 263 – 339) was a Roman priest and historian who wrote "Universal History" divided into two books. It is also called the Chronicon or, Chronicle and was written in Greek.

The first part, the Chronography, gives an epitome of universal history from the sources, arranged according to nations.

The second part, the Canons, put the historical material into a parallel timeline, listing the reigns year by year, in a terse table.

The original books are lost, but quotations are preserved by later historian, which makes it possible to reconstruct his work. Both books survive in a translation to Armenian, and Jerome's latin translation preserve the second book. Syncellus made substantial quotes of Eusebius and thus preserved his work too. The last date preserved is 325 AD.

Dynasty 1

8 kings of Thinis, 252 (258) years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Μηνης Menes Menes 30 years Narmer
2 Aθωθις Athothis Athothis 27 years Aha
3 Κενκενης Kenkenes Cencenes 39 years Djer
4 Ουενεφης Ouenephes Uenephes 42 years Djet
5 Ουσαφαης Ousaphais Usaphais 20 years Den
6 Nιεβαης Niebais Niebais 26 years Adjib
7 Σεμεμψης Semempses Semempses 18 years Semerkhet
8 Ουβιενθης Oubienthes Ubienthes 26 years Qaa

Dynasty 2

9 kings, 297 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Βωχος Bokhos Bochus Hotepsekhemwy
2 Χωος Khoös Choos Nebra
3 Βίοφις Biophis Biophis Ninetjer
8 Σεσωχρις Sesokhris Sesochris 48 years ?
9 Χενερης Kheneres Cheneres 30 years Khasekhemwy

Dynasty 3

8 kings of Memphis, 198 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Νεχερωχις Nekherokhis Necherochis Nebka
2 Σεσορθος Sesorthos Sesorthos Djoser

Dynasty 4

17 kings of Memphis, 448 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
3 Σoυφις Souphis Soyphis Khufu

Dynasty 5

31 kings of Elephantine, 100 (?) years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Οθoης Othoës Othoes Teti
4 Φιωψ Phiops Phiops 94 years Pepi II

Dynasty 6

203 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
Νιτωκρις Nitokris Nitocris Netjerikara

Dynasty 7

5 kings of Memphis, 75 days

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 8

5 kings of Memphis, 100 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 9

4 kings of Heracleopolis, 100 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Aχθoης Akhthoës Achthoes Wahkara Khety II

Dynasty 10

19 kings of Heracleopolis, 185 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 11

16 kings of Diospolis, 43 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
Aμμενεμης Ammenemes Ammenemes 16 years Amenemhat I

Dynasty 12

7 kings of Diospolis, 245 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σεσονχοσις Sesonchosis Sesonchosis 46 years Senusret I
2 Aμμανεμης Ammanemes Ammanemes 68 years Amenemhat II
3 Σεσωστρις Sesostris Sesostris 48 years Senusret III
4 Λαμαρις Lamaris Lamaris 8 years Amenemhat III

Dynasty 13

60 kings of Diospolis, 453 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 14

76 kings of Xois, 184 or 484 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 15

Kings of Diospolis, 250 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 16

5 kings of Thebes, 190 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 17

4 shepherd kings of Memphis, 103 years

Dynasty was misplaced by Eusebius, should be Dynasty 15

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σαιτης Saites Saites 19 years Salitis
2 Βνων Bnon Bnon 40 years Beon
3 Aφωφις Aphophis Aphophis 30 years Apepi
4 Aρχλης Arkhles Archles 14 years Khamudy

Dynasty 18

14 kings of Diospolis, 348 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Aμωσις Amosis Amosis 25 years Ahmose I
2 Χεβρων Khebron Chebron 13 years Thutmose II
3 Aμμενωφίς Ammenophis Ammenophis 21 years Amenhotep I
4 Μιφρης Miphres Miphres 12 years Thutmose I
5 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years Thutmose III
6 Τουθμωσις Touthmosis Tuthmosis 9 years Thutmose IV
7 Aμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 31 years Amenhotep II
8 Ωρος Oros Orus 36 years Amenhotep III
9 Aχενχερσης Akhenkherses Achencherses 12 years Neferneferuaten
10 Aθωρις Athoris Athoris 39 years Tutankhamun
11 Χενχερης Khenkheres Chencheres 16 years ?
12 Aχερρης Akherres Acherres 8 years ?
13 Χερρης Kherres Cherres 15 years ?
14 Aρμαις Armais Armais 5 years Horemheb
15 Ραμεσσης Rhamesses Ramesses 68 years ?
16 Aμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 40 years ?

Dynasty 19

5 kings of Diospolis, 194 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σεθως Sethos Sethus 55 years Seti I
2 Ραμψης Rhampses Rampses 66 years Ramesses II
3 Aμμενεφθίς Ammenephthis Ammenephthis 40 years Merenptah
4 Aμμενεμης Ammenemes Ammenemes 26 years Amenmesse
5 Θουωρις Thouoris Thuris 7 years Tausret

Dynasty 20

12 kings of Diospolis, 178 years

Names of the kings not mentioned

Dynasty 21

7 kings of Tanis, 130 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σμενδις Smendis Smendis 26 years Smendes I
2 Ψουσεννης Psousennes Psusennes 41 years Psusennes I
3 Νεφερχερης Nepherkheres Nephercheres 4 years Amenemnesut
4 Aμμενωφθις Ammenophthis Ammenophthis 9 years Amenemope
5 Oσοχωρ Osokhor Osochor 6 years Osochor
6 Ψιναχης Psinakhes Psinaches 9 years Siamun
7 Ψουσεννης Psousennes Psusennes 35 years Psusennes II

Dynasty 22

3 kings of Bubastis, 49 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σεσονχωσις Sesonkhosis Sesonchosis 21 years Shoshenq I
2 Oσορθων Osorthon Osorthon 15 years Osorkon I
3 Τακελωθις Takelothis Tacelothis 13 years Takelot I

Dynasty 23

3 kings of Tanis, 44 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Πετουβαστις Petoubastis Petubastis 25 years ?
2 Oσορθων Osorthon Osorthon 9 years ?
3 Ψαμμους Psammous Psammus 10 years ?

Dynasty 24

One king of Sais, 44 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Βόχχωρις Bokhkhoris Boccoris 44 years Bakenrenef

Dynasty 25

3 Ethiopian kings, 44 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Σαβακων Sabakon Sabacon 12 years Shabaka
2 Σεβιχως Sebikhos Sebichos 12 years Shebitko
3 Ταρακος Tarakos Taracus 20 years Taharqa

Dynasty 26

9 kings of Sais, 167 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Aμμερις Aιθιοψ Ammeris the Ethiopian Ammeris 12 years ?
2 Στεφιναθις Stephinathis Stephinathis 7 years ?
3 Νεχεψως Nekhepsos Nechepsus 6 years ?
4 Νεχαω Nekhao Nechao 8 years Necho I
5 Ψαμμητιχος Psammetikhos Psammetichus 45 years Psamtik I
6 Νεχαω Nekhao Nechao II 3 years Necho II
7 Ψαμμουθις Psammouthis Psammuthis II 17 years Psamtik II
8 Ουαφρις Ouaphris Uaphres 25 years Apries
9 Aμωσις Amosis Amosis 42 years Amasis

Dynasty 27

8 Persian kings, 120 years and 4 months

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Καμβυσης Kambyses Cambyses 3 years Cambyses II
2 Μαγοι Magoi (Magians) Magoe 7 months ?
3 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 36 years Darius I
4 Ξερξης Xerxes Xerxes 21 years Xerxes I
5 Aρταξερξης Artaxerxes Artaxerxes 40 years Artaxerxes I
6 Ξερξης Xerxes Xerxes II 2 months ?
7 Σογδιανος Sogdianos Sogdianus 7 months ?
8 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 19 years ?

Dynasty 28

One king of Sais, 6 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Aμυρταιος Amyrtaios Amyrtaeus 6 years Amyrtaeus

Dynasty 29

4 kings of Mendes, 21 years and 4 months

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Νεφεριτης Nepherites Nepherites 6 years Neferites I
2 Aχωρις Akhoris Achoris 13 years Akoris
3 Ψαμμουθις Psammouthis Psammuthis 1 year Psammuthis
4 Νεφεριτης Nepherites Nepherites 4 months Neferites II
5 Μουθις Mouthis Muthis 1 year Muthis

Dynasty 30

3 kings of Sebennytus, 20 years

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Νεκτανεβης Nektanebes Nektanebes 10 years Nectanebo I
2 Τεως Teos Teos 2 years Djedhor Teos I
3 Νεκτανεβος Nektanebos Nektanebus 8 years Nectanebo II

Dynasty 31

3 Persian kings

No.Ancient GreekTransliterationTranscriptionReignPharaoh
1 Ωχος Okhos Ochus 2 years Artaxerxes III
2 Aρσης Arses Arses 4 years Arses
3 Δαρειος Dareios Darius 6 years Darius III


Bibliography

  • and : The Chronography of George Synkellos, (Oxford: 2002)
  • Dindorf, Wilhelm: Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, (Bonn: 1829)
  • Goar, Jacob: Georgii Monachi quondam Syncelli Chronographia, (Paris: 1652)
  • : Manethonis Sebennytae Reliquiae, (Leiden, 1847)
  • : Fontes historiae religionis aegyptiacae, (Bonn, 1922-25)
  • : Königsbuch der alter Ägypter, 2 Volumes, (Berlin, 1858)
  • : Georgii Syncelli Ecloga Chronographica, (Leipzig: 1984)
  • : Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum, II, pp. 512-616 (Paris, 1848)
  • Scaliger, Joseph Justus: Thesaurus Temporum, (Leiden: 1606)
  • : Chronologic des Manetho, (Berlin, 1867)
  • : Manetho, (Cambridge, Mass;London: 1940, Ed. 1964)

 

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