The king lists of Africanus

Sextus Julius Africanus (c.160 – c.240) was a Christian historian who wrote a history of the world in five books called Chronographiai, from the creation of the world to 221 CE. The text survive only in extracts by Eusebius.

There are also fragments in Syncellus, Cedrenus and the Chronicon Paschale. It contained material from Manetho’s Aegyptiaca, or rather, material from one of the many epitomes of Aegyptiaca created during the intervening 500 years that passed between the two authors. The dynastic arrangement often attributed to Manetho was likely a construct from the epitome used by Africanus, as the earlier manuscript of Josephus mention no dynastic breaks by Manetho.

As can be expected, the original text of Aegyptiaca was corrupted long before it reached Africanus, as transmission during the intervening centuries undoubtedly required copies of copies to be created. This copying process naturally introduced errors, omissions and misunderstanding of the source text. There were also outright alterations by religious redactors. The epitome used by Africanus was in all likelyhood a somewhat contemporary copy, i.e. removed from Manetho by some 4-500 years.

As Africanus Chronographiai predates Eusebius’ by a century it is generally considered more reliable by Egyptologists. Syncellus recognized the similarity between Africanus and Eusebius and presented both versions in his Ecloga Chronographica.

Due to the fact that the original has not survived is a big problem, as the information that can be gleaned, is from copies of copies, which in themselves cannot be entirely relied upon.

Dynasty 1

8 kings of This, 253 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Μηνης
Transliteration
Menes
Transcription
Minis
Reign
62 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Aθωθις
Transliteration
Athothis
Transcription
Athothis
Reign
57 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Κενκενης
Transliteration
Kenkenes
Transcription
Kenkenis
Reign
31 years
Pharaoh
#
4
Ancient Greek
Ουενεφης
Transliteration
Ouenephes
Transcription
Uenephis
Reign
23 years
Pharaoh
#
5
Ancient Greek
Ουσαφαιδος
Transliteration
Ousaphaidos
Transcription
Usaphaidus
Reign
20 years
Pharaoh
#
6
Ancient Greek
Μιεβιδoς
Transliteration
Miebidos
Transcription
Miebidos
Reign
26 years
Pharaoh
#
7
Ancient Greek
Σεμεμψης
Transliteration
Semempses
Transcription
Semempsis
Reign
18 years
Pharaoh
#
8
Ancient Greek
Βιηνεχης
Transliteration
Bienekhes
Transcription
Vienekis
Reign
26 years
Pharaoh

Dynasty 2

9 kings of This, 302 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Βoηθoς
Transliteration
Boethos
Transcription
Boithos
Reign
38 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Καιεχως
Transliteration
Kaiekhos
Transcription
Kaiechos
Reign
39 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Βίνωθρις
Transliteration
Binothris
Transcription
Binothris
Reign
47 years
Pharaoh
#
4
Ancient Greek
Τλας
Transliteration
Tlas
Transcription
Tlas
Reign
17 years
Pharaoh
#
5
Ancient Greek
Σεθενης
Transliteration
Sethenes
Transcription
Sethenes
Reign
41 years
Pharaoh
#
6
Ancient Greek
Χαιρης
Transliteration
Khaires
Transcription
Chaires
Reign
17 years
Pharaoh
?
#
7
Ancient Greek
Nεφερχερης
Transliteration
Nepherkheres
Transcription
Nepherkheris
Reign
25 years
Pharaoh
#
8
Ancient Greek
Σεσωχρις
Transliteration
Sesokhris
Transcription
Sesochris
Reign
48 years
Pharaoh
#
9
Ancient Greek
Χενερης
Transliteration
Kheneres
Transcription
Cheneres
Reign
30 years
Pharaoh

Dynasty 3

9 kings of Memphis, 214 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Nεχερoφης
Transliteration
Nekherophes
Transcription
Necherophes
Reign
28 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Toσoρθρoς
Transliteration
Tosorthros
Transcription
Tosorthros
Reign
29 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Tυρεις
Transliteration
Tyreis
Transcription
Tyris
Reign
7 years
Pharaoh
#
4
Ancient Greek
Mεσωχρις
Transliteration
Mesokhris
Transcription
Mesochris
Reign
17 years
Pharaoh
#
5
Ancient Greek
Σωυφις
Transliteration
Souphis
Transcription
Soephis
Reign
16 years
Pharaoh
?
#
6
Ancient Greek
Toσερτασις
Transliteration
Tosertasis
Transcription
Tosertasis
Reign
19 years
Pharaoh
?
#
7
Ancient Greek
Aχης
Transliteration
Akhes
Transcription
Aches
Reign
42 years
Pharaoh
?
#
8
Ancient Greek
Σηφoνρις
Transliteration
Sephouris
Transcription
Sephuris
Reign
30 years
Pharaoh
?
#
9
Ancient Greek
Kερφερης
Transliteration
Kerpheres
Transcription
Cerpheres
Reign
26 years
Pharaoh
?

Dynasty 4

8 Kings of Memphis, 274 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Σωρις
Transliteration
Soris
Transcription
Soris
Reign
29 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Σoυφις
Transliteration
Souphis
Transcription
Suphis
Reign
63 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Σoυφις
Transliteration
Souphis
Transcription
Suphis
Reign
66 years
Pharaoh
#
4
Ancient Greek
Mενχερης
Transliteration
Menkheres
Transcription
Mencheres
Reign
63 years
Pharaoh
#
5
Ancient Greek
Ρατoισης
Transliteration
Rhatoises
Transcription
Ratoises
Reign
25 years
Pharaoh
#
6
Ancient Greek
Bιχερης
Transliteration
Bikheres
Transcription
Bicheres
Reign
22 years
Pharaoh
#
7
Ancient Greek
Σεβερχερης
Transliteration
Seberkheres
Transcription
Sebercheres
Reign
7 years
Pharaoh
#
8
Ancient Greek
Θαμφθις
Transliteration
Thamphthis
Transcription
Thamphthis
Reign
9 years
Pharaoh

Dynasty 5

8 kings of Elephantine, 248 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Ουσερχερης
Transliteration
Ouserkheres
Transcription
Usercheres
Reign
28 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Σεφρης
Transliteration
Sephres
Transcription
Sephres
Reign
13 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Νεφερχερης
Transliteration
Nepherkheres
Transcription
Nephercheres
Reign
20 years
#
4
Ancient Greek
Σισιρης
Transliteration
Sisires
Transcription
Sisires
Reign
7 years
#
5
Ancient Greek
Χερης
Transliteration
Kheres
Transcription
Cheres
Reign
20 years
Pharaoh
#
6
Ancient Greek
Ραθουρης
Transliteration
Rathoures
Transcription
Rathures
Reign
44 years
Pharaoh
#
7
Ancient Greek
Μενχερης
Transliteration
Menkheres
Transcription
Mencheres
Reign
9 years
Pharaoh
#
8
Ancient Greek
Τανχερης
Transliteration
Tankheres
Transcription
Tancheres
Reign
44 years
Pharaoh
#
9
Ancient Greek
Οννος
Transliteration
Onnos
Transcription
Onnus
Reign
33 years
Pharaoh

Dynasty 6

6 kings of Memphis, 203 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Οθοης
Transliteration
Othoes
Transcription
Othoes
Reign
30 years
Pharaoh
#
2
Ancient Greek
Φιος
Transliteration
Phios
Transcription
Phius
Reign
53 years
Pharaoh
#
3
Ancient Greek
Μεθουσουφις
Transliteration
Methousouphis
Transcription
Methusuphis
Reign
7 years
Pharaoh
#
4
Ancient Greek
Φιωψ
Transliteration
Phiops
Transcription
Phiops
Reign
94 years
Pharaoh
#
5
Ancient Greek
Μενφεσουφις
Transliteration
Menthesouphis
Transcription
Menthesuphis
Reign
1 years
Pharaoh
#
6
Ancient Greek
Νιτωκρις
Transliteration
Nitokris ♀
Transcription
Nitocris
Reign
12 years
Pharaoh

Dynasty 7

70 kings of Memphis, 70 days

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 8

27 kings of Memphis, 146 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 9

19 kings of Heracleopolis, 409 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Aχθoης
Transliteration
Akhthoes
Transcription
Achthoes
Reign
-

Dynasty 10

19 kings of Heracleopolis, 185 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 11

16 kings of Diospolis, 43 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
#
1
Ancient Greek
Aμμενεμης
Transliteration
Ammenemes
Transcription
Ammenemes
Reign
16
Pharaoh

Dynasty 12

7 kings of Diospolis, 160 years

# Ancient Greek Transliteration Reign Pharaoh
1 Σεσονχοσις Sesonkhosis 46 Senusret I
2 Aμμανεμης Ammanemes 38 Amenemhat II
3 Σεσωστρις Sesostris 48 Senusret III
4 Λαχαρης Lakhares 8 Amenemhat III
5 Aμμερης Ammeres 8 ?
6 Aμμενεμης Ammenemes 8 ?
7 Σκεμιoφρις Skemiophris ♀ 4 Neferusobek

Dynasty 13

7 kings of Diospolis, 160 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 14

76 kings of Xois, 184 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 15

6 foreign kings from Phoenicia, 284 years

# Ancient Greek Transliteration Reign Pharaoh
1 Σαιτης Saites 19 Salitis
2 Βνων Bnon 44 Beon
3 Παχναν Pakhnan 61 Apachnas
4 Στααν Staan 50 Khyan
5 Aρχλης Arkhles 49 Khamudy
6 Aφοβις Aphobis 61 Apepi

Dynasty 16

32 Grecian shepherd kings, 518 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 17

43 shepherd kings and 43 Theban kings, 151 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 18

16 kings of Thebes (Diospolis), 263 years

# Ancient Greek Transliteration Transcription Reign Pharaoh
1 Aμως Amos Amos Ahmose I
2 Χεβρως Khebros Chebros 13 years Thutmose II
3 Αμενωφθις Amenophthis Amenophthis 24 years Amenhotep I
4 Αμενσις Amensis Amensis 22 years Hatshepsut
5 Μισαφρις Misaphris Misaphris 13 years Thutmose I
6 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis Misphragmuthosis 26 years Thutmose III
7 Τουθμωσις Touthmosis Tuthmosis 9 years Thutmose IV
8 Αμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 31 years Amenhotep II
9 Ωρος Oros Orus37 years Amenhotep III
10 Αχερρης Akherres Acherres 32 years ?
11 Ραθως Rhathos Rathos 6 years Tutankhamun
12 Χεβρης Khebres Chebres 12 years ?
13 Aχερρης Akherres Acherres 12 years Neferneferuaten
14 Aρμεσης Armesis Armeses 5 years Horemheb
15 Ραμεσσης Rhamesses Ramesses 1 year ?
16 Αμενωφαθ Amenophath Amenophath 19 years ?

Dynasty 19

6 kings of Thebes (Diospolis), 209 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Σεθως
Sethos
Sethus
51 years
2
Ραψακης
Rhapsakes
Rapsaces
61 years
3
Aμενεφθης
Amenephthes
Amenephthes
20 years
4
Ραμεσσης
Rhamesses
Ramesses
60 years
?
5
Aμμενεμνης
Ammenemnes
Ammenemnes
5 years
6
Θουωρις
Thouoris
Thuris
7 years

Dynasty 20

12 kings of Thebes (Diospolis), 135 years

Names of the kings not recorded

Dynasty 21

7 kings of Tanis, 130 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Σμενδης
Smendes
Smendes
26 years
2
Ψουσεννης
Psousennes
Psusennes
46 years
3
Νεφελχερης
Nephelkheres
Nephelcheres
4 years
4
Aμενωφθίς
Amenophthis
Amenophthis
9 years
5
Oσοχωρ
Osokhor
Osochor
6 years
6
Ψιναχης
Psinakhes
Psinaches
9 years
7
Ψουσεννης
Psousennes
Psusennes
30 years

Dynasty 22

9 kings of Bubastis, 120 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Σεσονχωσις
Sesonkhosis
Sesonchosis
21 years
2
Oσορθων
Osorthon
Osorthon
15 years
6
Τακελωθις
Takelothis
Tacelothis
13 years

Dynasty 23

4 kings of Tanis, 89 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Πετουβατης
Petoubates
Petubates
40 years
2
Oσορχω
Osorkho
Osorcho
8 years
3
Ψαμμους
Psammous
Psammus
10 years
?
4
Ζητ
Zet
Zet
31 years
?

Dynasty 24

1 king of Sais

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Βοχχωρις
Bokhkhoris
Boccoris
6 years

Dynasty 25

3 Ethiopian kings, 40 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Σαβακων
Sabakon
Sabacon
8 years
2
Σεβιχως
Sebikhos
Sebichus
14 years
3
Ταρκος
Tarkos
Tarcus
18 years

Dynasty 26

9 kings of Sais, 150 years and 6 months

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Στεφινατης
Stephinates
Stephinates
7 years
?
2
Νεχεψως
Nechepsos
Nechepsus
6 years
?
3
Νεχαω
Nekhao
Nechao
8 years
?
4
Ψαμμητιχος
Psammetikhos
Psammetichus
54 years
5
Νεχαω
Nechao
Nechao II
6 years
6
Ψαμμουθις
Psammouthis
Psammuthis
6 years
7
Ουαφρις
Ouaphris
Uaphris
19 years
8
Aμωσις
Amosis
Amosis
44 years
9
Ψαμμεχεριτης
Psammecherites
Psammecherites
null

Dynasty 27

8 Persian kings, 124 years and 4 months

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Καμβυσης
Kambyses
Cambyses
6 years
2
Δαρειος
Dareios
Darius
36 years
3
Ξερξης
Xerxes
Xerxes
21 years
4
Aρταβανος
Artabanos
Artabanus
7 months
?
5
Aρταξερξης
Artaxerxes
Artaxerxes
41 years
6
Ξερξης
Xerxes
Xerxes
2 months
?
7
Σογδιανος
Sogdianos
Sogdianus
7 months
?
8
Δαρειος
Dareios
Darius
19 years
?

Dynasty 28

1 king of Sais

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Aμυρτεος
Amurteos
Amyrteus
6 years

Dynasty 29

4 kings of Mendes, 20 years and 4 months

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Νεφεριτης
Nepherites
Nepherites
6 years
2
Aχωρις
Akhoris
Achoris
13 years
3
Ψαμμουθις
Psammouthis
Psammuthis
1 year
4
Νεφεριτης
Nepherites
Nepherites
null

Dynasty 30

3 kings of Sebennytos, 38 years

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Νεκτανέβης
Nektanebes
Nectanebes
18 years
2
Τεως
Teos
Teos
2 years
3
Νεκτανεβος
Nektanebos
Nectanebus
18 years

Dynasty 31

3 Persian kings

#
Ancient Greek
Transliteration
Transcription
Reign
Pharaoh
1
Ωχος
Okhos
Ochus
2 years
2
Aρσης
Arses
Arses
3 years
3
Δαρειος
Dareios
Darius
4 years
Syncellus added: Here ends the work of Manetho. Subsequent Egyptian chronology is based on Greek historians.

15 Macedonian kings

  1. Alexander the Great
  2. Aridaios, renamed Philip — 7 years
  3. Alexander IV, son of Alexander the Great — 8 years
  4. Ptolemy, the son of Lagos — 40 years
  5. Ptolemy Philadelphos — 38 years
  6. Ptolemy Euergetes — 24 years
  7. Ptolemy Philopator — 17 years
  8. Ptolemy Epiphanes — 24 years
  9. Ptolemy Philometor — 35 years
  10. Ptolemy Euergetes II — 28 years
  11. Ptolemy Phouskon — 18 years
  12. Missing
  13. Missing
  14. Missing
  15. Cleopatra, the daughter of Ptolemy Dionysos — 22 years